Next Article in Journal
Parental Educational Attainment and Social Environment of Urban Public Schools in the U.S.: Blacks’ Diminished Returns
Next Article in Special Issue
Pragmatic Markers in the Management of Asthma: A Real-World-Based Approach
Previous Article in Journal
Readiness to Change among Adolescents with Chronic Pain and Their Parents: Is the German Version of the Pain Stages of Change Questionnaire a Useful Tool?
Open AccessArticle

The Measurement of Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis Control in Children and Adolescents

1
Pediatric Allergy Center, Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, 5-16146 Genova GE, Italy
2
Pediatric Unit, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan, 58-20132 Milano MI, Italy
3
Pediatric Clinic, Department of Pediatrics, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, 65-27100 Pavia PV, Italy
4
Allergy Clinic, Casa di Cura Villa Montallegro, Genoa, 27-16145 Genova GE, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Graziano Barera, Ilaria Brambilla, Riccardo Castagnoli, Riccardo Ciprandi, Maria Pia Guarneri, Guido Marinelli, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Roberta Olcese, Francesca Olivero, Claudia Salmaso.
Children 2020, 7(5), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/children7050043
Received: 2 April 2020 / Revised: 15 April 2020 / Accepted: 29 April 2020 / Published: 7 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Asthma)
Asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) are frequently associated. The objective of the treatment of asthma and AR should be the control of symptoms and disease progression. Therefore, the combined measurement of disease control is desirable. In this regard, a questionnaire able to together assess asthma and AR control has been validated: the CARAT (Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test). A further pediatric version (CARATkids) has been generated. The current real-world study used different disease control measures in children and adolescents with asthma and rhinitis. A total of 138 children and adolescents were recruited at three allergy centers. CARAT, CARATkids, ACT (Asthma Control Test), cACT (children ACT), GINA (Global Initiative for Asthma) disease control classification, VAS (Visual Analog Scale) for asthma and nasal symptoms, and lung function were used in all subjects. There was a predominance of males (67.4%) and asthma was well-controlled (according to GINA classification) in about half the subjects. In children, the median CARAT and cACT values were 5 and 22 respectively. In adolescents, the median CARAT and ACT values were 23 for both tests. There were significant differences between CARAT and ACT (p = 0.035) as well as between CARATkids and cACT (p = 0.0001). However, the tests’ outcomes were different as assessed in different domains. CARAT and CARATkids are disease-control measurements that give additional information to other tests, therefore, these different questionnaires to measure disease control complement each other. View Full-Text
Keywords: asthma; allergic rhinitis; control; children; adolescents asthma; allergic rhinitis; control; children; adolescents
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Tosca, M.A.; Del Barba, P.; Licari, A.; Ciprandi, G.; Asthma and Rhinitis Control Study Group. The Measurement of Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis Control in Children and Adolescents. Children 2020, 7, 43.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop