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Children 2018, 5(10), 135; https://doi.org/10.3390/children5100135

Evaluation of a Walking-Track Intervention to Increase Children’s Physical Activity during Primary School Break Times

1
Faculty of Education, Newman University Birmingham, Birmingham B32 3NT, UK
2
Faculty of Arts, Society and Professional Studies, Newman University Birmingham, Birmingham B32 3NT, UK
3
Faculty of Education, Health and Wellbeing, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton WV1 1LY, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 September 2018 / Revised: 18 September 2018 / Accepted: 21 September 2018 / Published: 25 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in Children and Adolescents)
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Abstract

Despite the known benefits of engaging in daily moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), only 22% of children in England are meeting the recommended guidelines. School break times have been advocated as a key part of children’s daily routines in which their MVPA can be increased. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of installing a walking-track on children’s MVPA during school break times. A mixed method design was employed which allowed for the quantitative measurement of children’s PA at three time points (baseline, mid-intervention (1–5 weeks) and follow-up (6–9 weeks)), using pedometers (n = 81, 5–9 years) and systematic observation (n = 23, 7–9 years). A semi-structured interview (n = 1) was also conducted at 10 weeks’ follow-up. The installation of the walking-track was grounded in a unique set of theoretical constructs to aid the behaviour change of the teachers. Short term positive increases in girls’ and boys’ MVPA and longer term increases in boys’ vigorous PA (VPA) were found. Qualitative data highlighted that boys dominated the walking-track and the inconsistent behaviour of school staff negatively impacted upon children’s MVPA. A set of principles to guide the installment of walking-tracks in school playgrounds are recommended. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; break times; physical activity; intervention; primary school children; break times; physical activity; intervention; primary school
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Powell, E.; Woodfield, L.A.; Powell, A.J.; Nevill, A.M.; Myers, T.D. Evaluation of a Walking-Track Intervention to Increase Children’s Physical Activity during Primary School Break Times. Children 2018, 5, 135.

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