Next Article in Journal
The Development of Urease Inhibitors: What Opportunities Exist for Better Treatment of Helicobacter pylori Infection in Children?
Previous Article in Journal
Acute Diarrhoea in Children: Determination of Duration Using a Combined Bismuth Hydroxide Gel and Oral Rehydration Solution Therapy vs. Oral Rehydration Solution
Case Report

Natural History of Asymptomatic and Unrepaired Vascular Rings: Is Watchful Waiting a Viable Option? A New Case and Review of Previously Reported Cases

Department of Cardiology and Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, 9000 Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
Academic Editor: Sari A. Acra
Children 2016, 3(4), 44; https://doi.org/10.3390/children3040044
Received: 9 November 2016 / Revised: 13 December 2016 / Accepted: 15 December 2016 / Published: 21 December 2016
Vascular rings are a rare form of congenital heart disease in which abnormal aortic arch anatomy leads to encircling of the esophagus and/or trachea by the aortic vasculature. Symptoms can develop from this and prompt the need for surgery. A natural history study has been done on mildly symptomatic patients but no such study has been done on asymptomatic patients. We present a case report of three children with asymptomatic vascular rings who continue to receive follow-up without intervention and review all published cases of asymptomatic or unrepaired vascular rings. Clinical observation of asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic vascular rings, regardless of aortic arch anatomy, seems to be a safe approach. Children with mild symptoms almost invariably seem to have resolution of their symptoms by four years of age. View Full-Text
Keywords: vascular ring; right aortic arch; double aortic arch; asymptomatic; unrepaired; vascular anomaly vascular ring; right aortic arch; double aortic arch; asymptomatic; unrepaired; vascular anomaly
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Loomba, R.S. Natural History of Asymptomatic and Unrepaired Vascular Rings: Is Watchful Waiting a Viable Option? A New Case and Review of Previously Reported Cases. Children 2016, 3, 44. https://doi.org/10.3390/children3040044

AMA Style

Loomba RS. Natural History of Asymptomatic and Unrepaired Vascular Rings: Is Watchful Waiting a Viable Option? A New Case and Review of Previously Reported Cases. Children. 2016; 3(4):44. https://doi.org/10.3390/children3040044

Chicago/Turabian Style

Loomba, Rohit S. 2016. "Natural History of Asymptomatic and Unrepaired Vascular Rings: Is Watchful Waiting a Viable Option? A New Case and Review of Previously Reported Cases" Children 3, no. 4: 44. https://doi.org/10.3390/children3040044

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop