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Stem Cell-Based Therapies for Multiple Sclerosis: Current Perspectives
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Women’s Health: Contemporary Management of MS in Pregnancy and Post-Partum

Department of Neurology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomedicines 2019, 7(2), 32;
Received: 12 March 2019 / Revised: 17 April 2019 / Accepted: 18 April 2019 / Published: 19 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multiple Sclerosis: Diagnosis and Treatment)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) primarily affects women in childbearing age and is associated with an increased risk of adverse post-partum outcomes. Relapses and now fetal exposure to disease modifying treatments in the early phase of pregnancy and thereafter are of concern. Safe and effective contraception is required for women who wish to delay or avoid pregnancy while on disease-modifying treatments. Counseling and planning is essential to assess the risk of both fetal and maternal complications, particularly now in the era of highly efficient and riskier therapies. The purpose of this review is to provide a practical framework using the available data surrounding pregnancy in MS with the goal of optimizing outcomes during this phase in MS. View Full-Text
Keywords: multiple sclerosis; pregnancy; post-partum; treatment multiple sclerosis; pregnancy; post-partum; treatment
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Tisovic, K.; Amezcua, L. Women’s Health: Contemporary Management of MS in Pregnancy and Post-Partum. Biomedicines 2019, 7, 32.

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