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Chemosensors 2018, 6(4), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemosensors6040060

Carbon Nanostructures as a Multi-Functional Platform for Sensing Applications

1
Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden; Helmholtzstr. 20, 01069 Dresden, Germany
2
Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials Polish Academy of Sciences; Marie Curie-Skłodowskiej 34 Str., 41-819 Zabrze, Poland
3
Soochow Institute for Energy and Materials Innovations, College of Physics, Optoelectronics and Energy, Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China
4
Key Laboratory of Advanced Carbon Materials and Wearable Energy Technologies of Jiangsu Province, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China
5
Center for Nanochemistry, Beijing Science and Engineering Centre for Nanocarbons, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2018 / Revised: 23 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 5 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanotechnology Efforts for Chemical Sensors)
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Abstract

The various forms of carbon nanostructures are providing extraordinary new opportunities that can revolutionize the way gas sensors, electrochemical sensors and biosensors are engineered. The great potential of carbon nanostructures as a sensing platform is exciting due to their unique electrical and chemical properties, highly scalable, biocompatible and particularly interesting due to the almost infinite possibility of functionalization with a wide variety of inorganic nanostructured materials and biomolecules. This opens a whole new pallet of specificity into sensors that can be extremely sensitive, durable and that can be incorporated into the ongoing new generation of wearable technology. Within this context, carbon-based nanostructures are amongst the most promising structures to be incorporated in a multi-functional platform for sensing. The present review discusses the various 1D, 2D and 3D carbon nanostructure forms incorporated into different sensor types as well as the novel functionalization approaches that allow such multi-functionality. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanostructures; graphene; carbon nanotubes; graphene foam; sensors carbon nanostructures; graphene; carbon nanotubes; graphene foam; sensors
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mendes, R.G.; Wróbel, P.S.; Bachmatiuk, A.; Sun, J.; Gemming, T.; Liu, Z.; Rümmeli, M.H. Carbon Nanostructures as a Multi-Functional Platform for Sensing Applications. Chemosensors 2018, 6, 60.

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