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Article

Personalized Diet in Obesity: A Quasi-Experimental Study on Fat Mass and Fat-Free Mass Changes

1
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Isabel I University, 09003 Burgos, Spain
2
Department of Mathematics, University of Atacama, Copiapó 1530000, Chile
3
Faculty of Medicine, University of Atacama, Copiapó 1530000, Chile
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Department of Agrochemistry and Biochemistry, Division of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
5
Iberoamerican Nutrition Foundation (FINUT), 18016 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Edyta Mądry
Healthcare 2021, 9(9), 1101; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9091101
Received: 6 July 2021 / Revised: 6 August 2021 / Accepted: 11 August 2021 / Published: 25 August 2021
Considering that the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Southeast of Spain is high, the aim of this work was to analyze the relation between the adherence to a personalized diet and the effectiveness of changes in the body composition in overweight and obese adults in this region. This quasi-experimental study presents the following selection criteria: attendance at the consultation between 2006 and 2012, subjects ≥ 19 years of age with overweight or obesity. In total, 591 overweight or obese individuals were involved in this study, attending 4091 clinic consultations in total. Most of the sample consisted of subjects who attended >3 consultations (>1.5 months), and were females aged 19–64 years who obtained clinically significant changes in fat mass (FM, ≥5%) and recommended changes in fat-free mass (FFM, ≥0%). Based on the results obtained and the experience gained from this research, the following recommendations are established: (i) record fat mass and fat-free mass index as a complement to body mass index; (ii) use FM and FFM to evaluate effectiveness of interventions with the aim of obtaining body composition changes; (iii) use personalized diet to achieve significant changes in FM and avoid non-recommended changes in FFM. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; overweight; management; clinical practice guidelines; fat mass; adiposity; fat-free mass; sarcopenia; Spain obesity; overweight; management; clinical practice guidelines; fat mass; adiposity; fat-free mass; sarcopenia; Spain
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MDPI and ACS Style

García-Galbis, M.R.; Gallardo, D.I.; Martínez-Espinosa, R.M.; Soto-Méndez, M.J. Personalized Diet in Obesity: A Quasi-Experimental Study on Fat Mass and Fat-Free Mass Changes. Healthcare 2021, 9, 1101. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9091101

AMA Style

García-Galbis MR, Gallardo DI, Martínez-Espinosa RM, Soto-Méndez MJ. Personalized Diet in Obesity: A Quasi-Experimental Study on Fat Mass and Fat-Free Mass Changes. Healthcare. 2021; 9(9):1101. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9091101

Chicago/Turabian Style

García-Galbis, Manuel R., Diego I. Gallardo, Rosa M. Martínez-Espinosa, and María J. Soto-Méndez 2021. "Personalized Diet in Obesity: A Quasi-Experimental Study on Fat Mass and Fat-Free Mass Changes" Healthcare 9, no. 9: 1101. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9091101

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