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School-Based Exercise and Life Style Motivation Intervention (SEAL.MI) on Adolescent’s Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Academic Performance: Catch Them Young

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College of Nursing, Mahalah Branch for Girls King Khalid University, Khamis Mushayt 61421, Saudi Arabia
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Oxford School of Nursing & Midwifery, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford OX3 0FL, UK
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Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Khalid University, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia
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Georgia CTSA, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, GA 30078, USA
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Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, King Khalid University, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Tabuk, Tabuk 71491, Saudi Arabia
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Regional Nursing Administration, Directorate of General Health Affair, Ministry of Health, Najran 21431, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, King Khalid University, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia
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Vee Care College of Nursing, The TN MGR Medical University, Chennai 600095, India
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pedram Sendi
Healthcare 2021, 9(11), 1549; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9111549
Received: 15 October 2021 / Revised: 4 November 2021 / Accepted: 10 November 2021 / Published: 13 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety)
There are shreds of evidence of shared biological mechanisms between obesity and hypertension during childhood intoadulthood, and loads of research literature has proven that it will profoundly cost nations’ economies and health if neglected. The prevention and early diagnosis of cardiovascular risk factors such as overweight and hypertension is an essential strategy for control, effective treatment and prevention of its’ complications. The study aims to assess the effect of school-based Exercise and Lifestyle Motivation Intervention (SEAL-MI) on adolescents’ cardiovascular risk factors and academic performance. An experimental study was conducted among 1005 adolescents—520 and 485 were randomly selected for the control and study groups, respectively.A structured interview questionnaire was used to collect demographic details and data related to dietary habits, physical activity, sleep qualityand academic performance. The study group adolescents were given the SEAL-MI for six months, including a school-based rope exercise for 45 min per day for 5 days a week and a motivation intervention related to dietary habits, physical activity, and sleep. Post tests-1 and 2 were done after 3 and 6 months of intervention.The prevalence of overweight among adolescents was 28.73%, and prehypertension was 9.26%. Among overweight adolescents, the prevalence of prehypertension was found to be very high (32.25%). There was a significant weight reduction in post-intervention B.P. (p = 0.000) and improvement in dietary habits, physical activity, sleep (p = 0.000), and academic performance. A significant positive correlation was found between BMI and SBP (p = 0.000) and BMI and academic performance (p = 0.003). The linear regression analyses revealed that the gender (ß: 0.47, 95% CI: 0.39, 0.81), age (ß: 0.39, 95% CI: 0.17, 0.46), family income (ß: 0.2, 95% CI: 0.41, 0.5), residence (ß: 0.19, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.27), and type of family (ß: 0.25, 95% CI: 0.39, 0.02) had the strongest correlation with the BMI of the adolescents. Additionally, Mother’s education (ß: 0.35, 95% CI: 0.18, 0.59) had the strongest correlation with the SBP of the adolescents. In contrast, the DBP was negatively persuaded by age (ß: −0.36, 95% CI: 1.54, 0.29) and gender (ß: −0.26, 95% CI: 1.34, 0.12) of the adolescents. Regular practice of rope exercise and lifestyle modification such as diet, physical activity, and quality sleep among adolescents prevent and control childhood CVD risk factors such asoverweight and hypertension. The SEAL-MI may lead to age-appropriate development of adolescents as well as improve their academic performance and quality of life. Giving importance to adolescents from urban habitats, affluent, nuclear families, and catching them young will change the disease burden significantly. View Full-Text
Keywords: blood pressure; rope exercise; physical activity; lifestyle modification; adolescents; BMI; hypertension; cardiovascular risk factors; academic performance blood pressure; rope exercise; physical activity; lifestyle modification; adolescents; BMI; hypertension; cardiovascular risk factors; academic performance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paulsamy, P.; Periannan, K.; Easwaran, V.; Abdulla Khan, N.; Manoharan, V.; Venkatesan, K.; Qureshi, A.A.; Prabahar, K.; Kandasamy, G.; Vasudevan, R.; Chidambaram, K.; Pappiya, E.M.; Venkatesan, K.; Sethuraj, P. School-Based Exercise and Life Style Motivation Intervention (SEAL.MI) on Adolescent’s Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Academic Performance: Catch Them Young. Healthcare 2021, 9, 1549. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9111549

AMA Style

Paulsamy P, Periannan K, Easwaran V, Abdulla Khan N, Manoharan V, Venkatesan K, Qureshi AA, Prabahar K, Kandasamy G, Vasudevan R, Chidambaram K, Pappiya EM, Venkatesan K, Sethuraj P. School-Based Exercise and Life Style Motivation Intervention (SEAL.MI) on Adolescent’s Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Academic Performance: Catch Them Young. Healthcare. 2021; 9(11):1549. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9111549

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paulsamy, Premalatha, Kalaiselvi Periannan, Vigneshwaran Easwaran, Noohu Abdulla Khan, Vani Manoharan, Krishnaraju Venkatesan, Absar A. Qureshi, Kousalya Prabahar, Geetha Kandasamy, Rajalakshimi Vasudevan, Kumarappan Chidambaram, Ester M. Pappiya, Kumar Venkatesan, and Pranave Sethuraj. 2021. "School-Based Exercise and Life Style Motivation Intervention (SEAL.MI) on Adolescent’s Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Academic Performance: Catch Them Young" Healthcare 9, no. 11: 1549. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9111549

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