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Article

Attitudes and Behavior towards Interprofessional Collaboration among Healthcare Professionals in a Large Academic Medical Center

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Applied Health Sciences Program, College of Allied Health Sciences, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
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Institute of Public and Preventive Health, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
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Morrison Healthcare, Sandy Springs, GA 30350, USA
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Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Augusta University Health, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
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Occupational Therapy, College of Allied Health Sciences, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
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Health Economics and Modeling Division, Population Health Sciences Department, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
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Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, College of Allied Health Sciences, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30921, USA
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2020, 8(3), 323; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030323
Received: 4 August 2020 / Revised: 1 September 2020 / Accepted: 3 September 2020 / Published: 6 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety)
The increasing rates of comorbidities among patients and the complexity of care have warranted interprofessional collaboration (IPC) as an important component of the healthcare structure. An initial step towards assessing the effectiveness of collaboration requires the exploration of the attitudes and experience of healthcare professionals towards IPC. This online survey aimed to examine the attitudes of healthcare professionals working in a large public academic medical center toward IPC in patient care and the healthcare team, and their behavior and experience regarding IPC. The rankings, according to the perceived importance among the respondents, of the four Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) core competencies (values/ethics, roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication, teams/teamwork) were assessed. There were strong but varying levels of consensus among healthcare professionals (N = 551) that IPC facilitates efficient patient care, improves patient problem-solving ability, and increases better clinical outcomes for patients. They acknowledged that IPC promotes mutual respect within the healthcare team and providers’ ability to make optimal patient care decisions. However, overall more than 35% of the respondents did not attend multidisciplinary education sessions (grand rounds, seminars, etc.), and about 23% did not participate in bedside patient care rounds. Interprofessional communication was ranked as the most important IPEC core competence. Although the attitude towards IPC among healthcare professionals is strongly positive, many healthcare professionals face challenges in participating in IPC. Institutional policies that facilitate interprofessional learning and interactions for this group of healthcare professionals should be formulated. Online distance learning and interactions, and simulation-enhanced interprofessional education, are options for addressing this barrier. Hospital administrators should facilitate conducive work environments that promote IPC, based on IPEC core competencies, and promote programs that address the challenges of IPC. View Full-Text
Keywords: interprofessional collaboration; attitudes; behavior; healthcare professionals; academic medical center interprofessional collaboration; attitudes; behavior; healthcare professionals; academic medical center
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ansa, B.E.; Zechariah, S.; Gates, A.M.; Johnson, S.W.; Heboyan, V.; De Leo, G. Attitudes and Behavior towards Interprofessional Collaboration among Healthcare Professionals in a Large Academic Medical Center. Healthcare 2020, 8, 323. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030323

AMA Style

Ansa BE, Zechariah S, Gates AM, Johnson SW, Heboyan V, De Leo G. Attitudes and Behavior towards Interprofessional Collaboration among Healthcare Professionals in a Large Academic Medical Center. Healthcare. 2020; 8(3):323. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030323

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ansa, Benjamin E., Sunitha Zechariah, Amy M. Gates, Stephanie W. Johnson, Vahé Heboyan, and Gianluca De Leo. 2020. "Attitudes and Behavior towards Interprofessional Collaboration among Healthcare Professionals in a Large Academic Medical Center" Healthcare 8, no. 3: 323. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030323

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