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Characterization and Adsorption Behavior of Strontium from Aqueous Solutions onto Chitosan-Fuller’s Earth Beads

1
Perma-Fix Environmental Services, Inc., 8302 Dunwoody Place, Suite 250, Atlanta, GA 30350, USA
2
Nuclear Science and Engineering Institute, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
3
Chemical Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
4
Water Academy, School of Energy, Geoscience Infrastructure and Society, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK
5
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2019, 7(1), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7010052
Received: 21 January 2019 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 21 March 2019 / Published: 26 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality and Public Health)
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Abstract

Fuller’s earth spherical beads using chitosan as a binder were prepared for the removal of strontium ions from aqueous solution. The adsorbents were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), which revealed the porous nature of the beads. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area of the beads was found to be 48.5 m2/g. The adsorption capacities of the beads were evaluated under both batch and dynamic conditions. The adsorption capacity was found to be ~29 mg/g of adsorbent at 298 K when the equilibrium concentration of strontium in the solution was 925 mg/L at pH 6.5. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) data suggest that strontium uptake by the beads occurs mainly through an ion-exchange process. Kinetic data indicate that the sorption of strontium onto the beads follows anomalous diffusion. Thermodynamic data suggest that the ion-exchange of Sr2+ on the bead surface was feasible, spontaneous and endothermic in nature. View Full-Text
Keywords: chitosan; fuller’s earth; strontium; adsorption; ion-exchange; kinetics chitosan; fuller’s earth; strontium; adsorption; ion-exchange; kinetics
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Hasan, S.; Iasir, A.R.M.; Ghosh, T.K.; Sen Gupta, B.; Prelas, M.A. Characterization and Adsorption Behavior of Strontium from Aqueous Solutions onto Chitosan-Fuller’s Earth Beads. Healthcare 2019, 7, 52.

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