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Article

Lessons Learned: Occupational Therapy in Nursing Homes during the First Wave of COVID-19 in Spain

1
Department of Computer and Telematic Systems Engineering, Polytechnic School of Cáceres, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 45600 Talavera de la Reina, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Francesco Cacciatore
Healthcare 2022, 10(1), 117; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010117
Received: 2 December 2021 / Revised: 20 December 2021 / Accepted: 2 January 2022 / Published: 7 January 2022
This research aims to explore the perception that occupational therapists working in elderly care facilities have about the measures implemented against the COVID-19 pandemic in their resources, and the impact that these measures have had on occupational therapy in these facilities. An interpretive paradigm was selected, using a qualitative approach and a phenomenological design. Sixteen occupational therapists working in elderly care facilities in two Spanish regions were included. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews. A discourse analysis of the narrative information was carried out using open, axial, and selective coding processes and the constant comparison method. Four themes were extracted from the analysis results: The initial chaos in senior centers; The blurring of occupational therapists’ roles; The emergence of technology; and organizational and therapeutic proposals for future pandemics. The pandemic had a significant impact on the care and therapeutic processes in elderly care facilities. Occupational therapists had to stop performing their functions to dedicate themselves to other support, auxiliary or communication tasks between the center and the families. Similarly, it is worth noting the emergence of low-cost technology to facilitate communication and to carry out some therapeutic interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: pandemic; coronavirus; nursing homes; occupational therapy pandemic; coronavirus; nursing homes; occupational therapy
MDPI and ACS Style

Chimento-Díaz, S.; Espino-Tato, I.; Garcia-Alonso, J.M.; Cantero-Garlito, P.A. Lessons Learned: Occupational Therapy in Nursing Homes during the First Wave of COVID-19 in Spain. Healthcare 2022, 10, 117. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010117

AMA Style

Chimento-Díaz S, Espino-Tato I, Garcia-Alonso JM, Cantero-Garlito PA. Lessons Learned: Occupational Therapy in Nursing Homes during the First Wave of COVID-19 in Spain. Healthcare. 2022; 10(1):117. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010117

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chimento-Díaz, Sara, Isabel Espino-Tato, Jose M. Garcia-Alonso, and Pablo A. Cantero-Garlito. 2022. "Lessons Learned: Occupational Therapy in Nursing Homes during the First Wave of COVID-19 in Spain" Healthcare 10, no. 1: 117. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010117

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