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Open AccessArticle

A Mathematical Pre-Disaster Model with Uncertainty and Multiple Criteria for Facility Location and Network Fortification

1
Department of Statistics and Operational Research, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
School of Computer Science & Informatics, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK
3
UC3M-Santander Big Data Institute (IBiDat), Charles III University of Madrid, 28903 Getafe, Spain
4
Department of Statistics and Operational Research and Institute of Interdisciplinary Mathematics, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mathematics 2020, 8(4), 529; https://doi.org/10.3390/math8040529
Received: 28 February 2020 / Revised: 20 March 2020 / Accepted: 22 March 2020 / Published: 3 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optimization for Decision Making II)
Disasters have catastrophic effects on the affected population, especially in developing and underdeveloped countries. Humanitarian Logistics models can help decision-makers to efficiently and effectively warehouse and distribute emergency goods to the affected population, to reduce casualties and suffering. However, poor planning and structural damage to the transportation infrastructure could hamper these efforts and, eventually, make it impossible to reach all the affected demand centers. In this paper, a pre-disaster Humanitarian Logistics model is presented that jointly optimizes the prepositioning of aid distribution centers and the strengthening of road sections to ensure that as much affected population as possible can efficiently get help. The model is stochastic in nature and considers that the demand in the centers affected by the disaster and the state of the transportation network are random. Uncertainty is represented through scenarios representing possible disasters. The methodology is applied to a real-world case study based on the 2018 storm system that hit the Nampula Province in Mozambique. View Full-Text
Keywords: stochastic programming; decision making; inventory prepositioning; network fortification; pre-disaster phase; humanitarian logistics; emergency management stochastic programming; decision making; inventory prepositioning; network fortification; pre-disaster phase; humanitarian logistics; emergency management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Monzón, J.; Liberatore, F.; Vitoriano, B. A Mathematical Pre-Disaster Model with Uncertainty and Multiple Criteria for Facility Location and Network Fortification. Mathematics 2020, 8, 529.

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