A Virus Infected Your Laptop. Let’s Play an Escape Game
2. Engaging and Motivating Students with Escape Games
3. Description of the Breakout
- Blue, red, green, and yellow Magic cards with different figures and text written on them. All of them with the name of different malware.
- Black and purple border Magic cards. These are clue cards to help gamers.
- A Domino game.
- Black Matrix figures: a square, a hexagon, and a pentagon with some 0’s and 1’s similar to the Matrix film.
- Some boarding cards like the one shown in Figure 3 belonging to Isaac Newton, Leonardo De Pisa, Albert Einstein, Evariste Galois, etc.
- Some other riddles and puzzles.
- The HP Reveal App will be needed during the breakout. This augmented reality application triggers overlays when the smartphone scans a selected image. Gamers are told that they will need this App and that they must follow the gamemaster’s account (if they don’t do it, it will not work).
3.3. First Step: Riddle from Identification Cards
- Blue riddle: September, 2019; November, 2015; June, 1969; August, 1999; October, 2000. What have these dates in common? (All those months have the same weekday for the 13th, which is Friday).
- Green riddle is to solve a system of linear equations and find the value of y: ; ; .
- Yellow riddle is to solve a second-order equation: Find the x-coordinate where the parabola cuts the line . Although the answer is double: and 13, there is no malware’s name related to .
- Red riddle: We are looking for information in these books: Algebra, page 85; Calculus, page 184; Statistics, page 229; Numerical methods, page 76. What do these pages have in common? (The sum of the digits of each page is the same: 13).
3.4. Second Step: Riddle from Friday 13th Cards
- Results from green, yellow, and blue teams are numbers.
- Red team will use these numbers and the “green man” riddle to find the order of black Matrix figures to get the name of the next malware.
- Blue card image hides a domino piece. This team must play domino and find a number after some derivation and integration operations. The final number is 6.
- Green card image includes the U.S. National Security Agency logo. The real logo says “NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY” and “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA”, but the game’s logo has changed the second sentence to “QR CODE - ALBERT EINSTEIN”. Gamers must look for some other material related to Albert Einstein, i.e., the boarding card. The card QR code leads us to an Adobe Spark video where we can see a man (similar to Einstein) that says: “The number that you are looking for is number four”.
- Yellow card contains the information: “magic card game” and something about this cards game: “You will lose if you lose all your cards”. Among the materials that are available for all players, there is a riddle with the figure of a Magic card game in a table (see Figure 5). The answer to this riddle is 5.
- Red card: from the road map, players know that red team needs the numbers found by the rest of teams (6, 4, and 5), and the “green man” riddle to find the order of black Matrix figures (see Figure 6) to get the name of the next malware. This is a difficult riddle because gamers must pay attention to the green man and realise that green, yellow, and blue figures (in that order) are directed towards the city. This is the order of the Matrix geometric figures (the same as left figure): blue at the top (square, 4), yellow in the middle (hexagon, 6), and green at the bottom (pentagon, 5). After getting this, it is easy to convert binary numbers to decimal, and then get the corresponding letters: 19 (S)-20 (T)-21 (U)-24 (X)-14 (N)-5 (E)-20 (T).
3.5. Third Step: Riddle from Stuxnet Cards
3.5.1. Blue Stuxnet
- ”Integrate what you find”.
- ”The orientation must be taken into account”.
- ”We have to cover this area with a piece of resistant material. Which is the area of the hole that we need to cover?”.
- ”When we need to calculate the area of a surface, we use the definite integrals. Do you remember how to calculate integrals?”.
- The link to this video: https://youtu.be/9_fkoUHXrck.
3.5.2. Green Stuxnet
- ”Pipeline system”.
- ”This system is similar to a traffic flow, where everything coming into must leave, i.e., everything that go inside has to go out”.
- ”You must pose a solution using linear equations”.
- A link to genial.ly that includes information about the pipeline system (https://bit.ly/2tanbjo).
3.5.3. Yellow Stuxnet
- ”Earthquake and vibrations”.
- A link to online information located at https://bit.ly/366PuOe.
- A Mathematica file with the solution is also available as part of the materials.
3.5.4. Red Stuxnet
- Law of cooling.
- Newton’s law of cooling states that the rate of change of the temperature of an object is proportional to the difference between its own temperature and the ambient temperature.
- Online information at genial.ly platform. The link https://bit.ly/36bEgby includes some interactive elements such as the link to a Mathematica file, called breakout-Newton-CLUE.nb with the problem almost solved.
4. Discussion and Results
Conflicts of Interest
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Queiruga-Dios, A.; Santos Sánchez, M.J.; Queiruga Dios, M.; Gayoso Martínez, V.; Hernández Encinas, A. A Virus Infected Your Laptop. Let’s Play an Escape Game. Mathematics 2020, 8, 166. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8020166
Queiruga-Dios A, Santos Sánchez MJ, Queiruga Dios M, Gayoso Martínez V, Hernández Encinas A. A Virus Infected Your Laptop. Let’s Play an Escape Game. Mathematics. 2020; 8(2):166. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8020166Chicago/Turabian Style
Queiruga-Dios, Araceli, María Jesús Santos Sánchez, Marián Queiruga Dios, Víctor Gayoso Martínez, and Ascensión Hernández Encinas. 2020. "A Virus Infected Your Laptop. Let’s Play an Escape Game" Mathematics 8, no. 2: 166. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8020166