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Article

The Impact of Teamwork on an Organization’s Performance: A Cooperative Game’s Approach

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Department of Mathematics, Semnan University, Semnan P.O. Box 35195-363, Iran
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Department of Economy, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, Ilam University, Ilam P.O. Box 69315-516, Iran
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Department of Mathematics, ISTA–Escola de Tecnologias e Arquitectura, Iscte-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Information Sciences, Technologies and Architecture Research Center (ISTAR-IUL), Business Research Unit-IUL (BRU-IUL), 1649-026 Lisbon, Portugal
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Department of Management, Faculty of Management & Economy, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran P.O. Box 14155-4838, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mathematics 2020, 8(10), 1804; https://doi.org/10.3390/math8101804
Received: 15 September 2020 / Revised: 11 October 2020 / Accepted: 13 October 2020 / Published: 16 October 2020
In this article, we study the impact of teamwork on an organization’s performance, considering a cooperative game’s framework. To promote teamwork culture, performance indexes were considered both individually and collectively, and by comparing the scores that every employee earned individually and collectively, their differences became obvious. In this approach, a cooperative game’s model was used in order to improve the organization’s performance. The proposed model, in addition to evaluating the organization and employee’s activities, implemented all payments, including overtime pay, rewards, etc., fairly and along with increasing performance and satisfaction. The cooperative approach created effective communications between employees and authorities and enhanced their motivation for teamwork. Moreover, results could be used for decisions related to employees (such as promotion, transition, firing, and secondment), analysis of training requirements, employees’ development, and research and plan valuation. Our findings show that the collaborative coefficient (CC) is a key factor in increasing productivity and improving the efficiency of an organization in the long run. The collaborative coefficient is a new concept in teamwork that has rarely been considered in scientific research. View Full-Text
Keywords: collaborative coefficient; performance management; game theory; teamwork; Shapley value collaborative coefficient; performance management; game theory; teamwork; Shapley value
MDPI and ACS Style

Askari, G.; Asghri, N.; Gordji, M.E.; Asgari, H.; Filipe, J.A.; Azar, A. The Impact of Teamwork on an Organization’s Performance: A Cooperative Game’s Approach. Mathematics 2020, 8, 1804. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8101804

AMA Style

Askari G, Asghri N, Gordji ME, Asgari H, Filipe JA, Azar A. The Impact of Teamwork on an Organization’s Performance: A Cooperative Game’s Approach. Mathematics. 2020; 8(10):1804. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8101804

Chicago/Turabian Style

Askari, Gholamreza, Nader Asghri, Madjid E. Gordji, Heshmatolah Asgari, José A. Filipe, and Adel Azar. 2020. "The Impact of Teamwork on an Organization’s Performance: A Cooperative Game’s Approach" Mathematics 8, no. 10: 1804. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8101804

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