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Proteomes 2019, 7(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/proteomes7010004

Analysis of the Bacterial and Host Proteins along and across the Porcine Gastrointestinal Tract

Institute of Animal Science, University of Hohenheim, Emil-Wolff-Str. 6-10, 70567 Stuttgart, Germany
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Received: 23 October 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 4 January 2019 / Published: 10 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metaproteomics)
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Abstract

Pigs are among the most important farm animals worldwide and research to optimize their feed efficiency and improve their welfare is still in progress. The porcine intestinal microbiome is so far mainly known from sequencing-based studies. Digesta and mucosa samples from five different porcine gastrointestinal tract sections were analyzed by metaproteomics to obtain a deeper insight into the functions of bacterial groups with concomitant analyses of host proteins. Firmicutes (Prevotellaceae) dominated mucosa and digesta samples, followed by Bacteroidetes. Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria were much higher in abundance in mucosa compared to digesta samples. Functional profiling reveals the presence of core functions shared between digesta and mucosa samples. Protein abundances of energy production and conversion were higher in mucosa samples, whereas in digesta samples more proteins were involved in lipid transport and metabolism; short-chain fatty acids production were detected. Differences were also highlighted between sections, with the small intestine appearing more involved in carbohydrate transport and metabolism than the large intestine. Thus, this study produced the first functional analyses of the porcine GIT biology, discussing the findings in relation to expected bacterial and host functions. View Full-Text
Keywords: metaproteomics; microbiome; pig metaproteomics; microbiome; pig
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Tröscher-Mußotter, J.; Tilocca, B.; Stefanski, V.; Seifert, J. Analysis of the Bacterial and Host Proteins along and across the Porcine Gastrointestinal Tract. Proteomes 2019, 7, 4.

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