Uncovering Discrete Synaptic Proteomes to Understand Neurological Disorders
AbstractThe mammalian nervous system is an immensely heterogeneous organ composed of a diverse collection of neuronal types that interconnect in complex patterns. Synapses are highly specialized neuronal cell-cell junctions with common and distinct functional characteristics that are governed by their protein composition or synaptic proteomes. Even a single neuron can possess a wide-range of different synapse types and each synapse contains hundreds or even thousands of proteins. Many neurological disorders and diseases are caused by synaptic dysfunction within discrete neuronal populations. Mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomic analysis has emerged as a powerful strategy to characterize synaptic proteomes and potentially identify disease driving synaptic alterations. However, most traditional synaptic proteomic analyses have been limited by molecular averaging of proteins from multiple types of neurons and synapses. Recently, several new strategies have emerged to tackle the ‘averaging problem’. In this review, we summarize recent advancements in our ability to characterize neuron-type specific and synapse-type specific proteomes and discuss strengths and limitations of these emerging analysis strategies. View Full-Text
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Wang, Y.-Z.; Savas, J.N. Uncovering Discrete Synaptic Proteomes to Understand Neurological Disorders. Proteomes 2018, 6, 30.
Wang Y-Z, Savas JN. Uncovering Discrete Synaptic Proteomes to Understand Neurological Disorders. Proteomes. 2018; 6(3):30.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Yi-Zhi; Savas, Jeffrey N. 2018. "Uncovering Discrete Synaptic Proteomes to Understand Neurological Disorders." Proteomes 6, no. 3: 30.
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