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Educ. Sci. 2019, 9(2), 77;

Education—Migration Nexus: Understanding Youth Migration in Southern Ethiopia

Institute of Policy and Development Research, Hawassa University, P.O. Box 05, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Social and Cultural Sciences- IfE, Justus-Liebig University of Giessen, 35394 Giessen, Germany
Global and International Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 February 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 3 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
PDF [249 KB, uploaded 12 April 2019]


The purpose of this study is to unravel the education–migration nexus in the African context, specifically Ethiopia. It examines why young people terminate their education to migrate out of the country. The study applies de Haas’ aspiration—capability framework and Turner’s macro, meso and micro sociology as its analytical lenses. It offers unique insight into the terrain of youth migration in southern Ethiopia based on empirical data obtained from two rural sub-districts known for high levels of youth out-migration. Data are generated based on interviews with would-be migrant youth, parents, teachers and school principals. The findings reveal that education has both direct and indirect impacts on youth migration. On the other hand, the results indicate that though terminating school could have negative ramifications on human capital accumulation at micro and macro levels, migration can positively impact households and local communities through investments made by individual migrants, migrant-returnees, and remittance-receiving households in small businesses or community development projects, which included better resourced schools. View Full-Text
Keywords: capability; education; migration; Ethiopia capability; education; migration; Ethiopia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Semela, T.; Cochrane, L. Education—Migration Nexus: Understanding Youth Migration in Southern Ethiopia. Educ. Sci. 2019, 9, 77.

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