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Educ. Sci. 2019, 9(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci9010010

Community of Inquiry on Facebook in a Formal Learning Setting in Higher Education

1
University of Amsterdam, Weesperzijde 190, 1097 DZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2
Faculty of Science, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94214, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 November 2018 / Revised: 16 December 2018 / Accepted: 28 December 2018 / Published: 7 January 2019
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Abstract

This study demonstrates an application of Facebook for higher education in science (STEM), and it clarifies its impact on students’ learning in a formal online learning setting. A combined qualitative and quantitative approach was used. Messages posted on Facebook were classified by qualitative transcript analysis. The perception and experience of students with Facebook were recorded by means of pre- and post-tests, using a treatment/control group approach. The results show that an integral Community of Inquiry (CoI) was formed on Facebook within the regular online course, encompassing all relevant CoI interactions leading to a powerful educational experience. Additionally, a type of CoI interaction “student–community” is observed, which was not reported before. The results show that the use of Facebook had positive effects on students’ learning, only when the activities on Facebook were constructively integrated in a course design, and a moderator was present. More research is needed to include larger group sizes and other course designs. View Full-Text
Keywords: higher education; online learning; Community of Inquiry; social networks; transcript analysis; students’ perception higher education; online learning; Community of Inquiry; social networks; transcript analysis; students’ perception
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Nazir, M.; Brouwer, N. Community of Inquiry on Facebook in a Formal Learning Setting in Higher Education. Educ. Sci. 2019, 9, 10.

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