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Roma University Students in Spain: Who Are They?

Department of Sociology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
Department of Education, University of Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
Department of Teaching and Learning and Educational Organization, University of Barcelona, 08035 Barcelona, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: James Albright
Educ. Sci. 2022, 12(6), 400;
Received: 11 April 2022 / Revised: 30 May 2022 / Accepted: 8 June 2022 / Published: 12 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Higher Education)
Roma people in Spain face situations of high deprivation, including high unemployment and early school leaving rates. The strategies to address this situation point to education as the means to overcome poverty and social exclusion. Although efforts have been made within compulsory education, scarce attention has been given to their performance once in higher education. Although young Roma people are reaching higher education more often than their parents, once at university they face specific barriers that hinder their opportunities. Using a mixed-methods approach, UNIROMA analyses those difficulties and formulates orientations to overcome them, thereby contributing to increasing the university graduation rates of Roma students. This paper presents the results of the quantitative fieldwork, consisting of an online questionnaire administered from May to July of 2020 to Roma students enrolled in Spanish universities. In the results, three main profiles were identified: traditional students, young students with other commitments (job and/or family responsibilities) and mature students. The results, concordant with research on other minority groups and higher education, provide evidence of the barriers that Roma students face in university due to the intersectionality of multiple factors of discrimination, namely, belonging to an ethnic minority and being more frequently first-generation, low SES and non-traditional students. View Full-Text
Keywords: Roma people; higher education; first-generation university students; ethnic-minority university students Roma people; higher education; first-generation university students; ethnic-minority university students
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MDPI and ACS Style

Flecha, A.; Abad-Merino, S.; Macías-Aranda, F.; Segovia-Aguilar, B. Roma University Students in Spain: Who Are They? Educ. Sci. 2022, 12, 400.

AMA Style

Flecha A, Abad-Merino S, Macías-Aranda F, Segovia-Aguilar B. Roma University Students in Spain: Who Are They? Education Sciences. 2022; 12(6):400.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Flecha, Ainhoa, Silvia Abad-Merino, Fernando Macías-Aranda, and Blas Segovia-Aguilar. 2022. "Roma University Students in Spain: Who Are They?" Education Sciences 12, no. 6: 400.

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