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Article

Respiration Measurement in a Simulated Setting Incorporating the Internet of Things

1
Industry and Innovation Research Institute, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S1 1WB, UK
2
Sheffield Children’s Hospital, Sheffield S10 2TH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mario Munoz-Organero
Technologies 2021, 9(2), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies9020030
Received: 18 March 2021 / Revised: 8 April 2021 / Accepted: 22 April 2021 / Published: 24 April 2021
The Internet of Things (IoT) in healthcare has gained significant attention in recent years. This study demonstrates an adaptation of IoT in healthcare by illustrating a method of respiration rate measurement from a platform that simulates breathing. Respiration rate is a crucial physiological measure in monitoring critically ill patients. The devised approach, with further development, may be suitable for integration into neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) to measure infants’ respiration rate. A potential advantage of this method is that it monitors respiration using a wireless non-contact method and could add benefits such as preservation of skin integrity. The paper aimed to assess the accuracy of an IoT-integrated ultrasound (US)-based method for measuring respiration rate. Chest movement due to respiration was simulated by a platform with a controllable moving surface. The magnitude and frequency of the movements were accurately controlled by a signal generator. The surface movements were tracked using US as a reliable and cost-effective technology. ESP8266 NodeMCU was used to wirelessly record the US signal and ThingSpeak and Matlab© were used to analyze and visualize the data in the cloud. A close relationship between the measured rate of the simulated respiration and the actual frequency was observed. The study demonstrated a possible adaption of IoT for respiration rate measurement, however further work will be needed to ensure security and reliability of data handling before use of the system in medical environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: internet of things; respiration rate measurement; healthcare monitoring and diagnosis internet of things; respiration rate measurement; healthcare monitoring and diagnosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abdulqader, T.; Saatchi, R.; Elphick, H. Respiration Measurement in a Simulated Setting Incorporating the Internet of Things. Technologies 2021, 9, 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies9020030

AMA Style

Abdulqader T, Saatchi R, Elphick H. Respiration Measurement in a Simulated Setting Incorporating the Internet of Things. Technologies. 2021; 9(2):30. https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies9020030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abdulqader, Tareq, Reza Saatchi, and Heather Elphick. 2021. "Respiration Measurement in a Simulated Setting Incorporating the Internet of Things" Technologies 9, no. 2: 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies9020030

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