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Open AccessArticle

A Cellular Automata Model of the Relationship between Adverse Events and Regional Infrastructure Development in an Active War Theater

1
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816-2993, USA
2
Department of Industrial Engineering, Gazi University, 06570 Ankara, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Technologies 2019, 7(3), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies7030054
Received: 28 June 2019 / Revised: 27 July 2019 / Accepted: 5 August 2019 / Published: 7 August 2019
PDF [2074 KB, uploaded 7 August 2019]

Abstract

This study presents a cellular automata (CA) model to assist decision-makers in understanding the effects of infrastructure development projects on adverse events in an active war theater. The adverse events are caused by terrorist activities that primarily target the civilian population in countries such as Afghanistan. In the CA-based model, cells in the same neighborhood synchronously interact with one another to determine their next states, and small changes in iteration yield to complex formations of adverse event risks. The results demonstrate that the proposed model can help in the evaluation of infrastructure development projects in relation to changes in the reported adverse events, as well as in the identification of the geographical locations, times, and impacts of such developments. The results also show that infrastructure development projects have different impacts on the reported adverse events. The CA modeling approach can be used to support decision-makers in allocating infrastructure development funds to stabilize active war regions with higher adverse event risks. Such models can also improve the understanding of the complex interactions between infrastructure development projects and adverse events.
Keywords: cellular automata; modeling simulation; adverse events; infrastructure development; war theater cellular automata; modeling simulation; adverse events; infrastructure development; war theater
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Bozkurt, H.; Karwowski, W.; Çakıt, E.; Ahram, T. A Cellular Automata Model of the Relationship between Adverse Events and Regional Infrastructure Development in an Active War Theater. Technologies 2019, 7, 54.

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