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Technologies 2018, 6(4), 100; https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies6040100

The Rise of Artificial Intelligence under the Lens of Sustainability

1
School of Engineering Science, Lappeenranta University of Technology, 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland
2
Computer Engineering and Computer Science, California State University, Long Beach, CA, 90840, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 October 2018 / Revised: 29 October 2018 / Accepted: 1 November 2018 / Published: 3 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Green Information and Communication Technology)
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Abstract

Since the 1950s, artificial intelligence (AI) has been a recurring topic in research. However, this field has only recently gained significant momentum because of the advances in technology and algorithms, along with new AI techniques such as machine learning methods for structured data, modern deep learning, and natural language processing for unstructured data. Although companies are eager to join the fray of this new AI trend and take advantage of its potential benefits, it is unclear what implications AI will have on society now and in the long term. Using the five dimensions of sustainability to structure the analysis, we explore the impacts of AI on several domains. We find that there is a significant impact on all five dimensions, with positive and negative impacts, and that value, collaboration, sharing responsibilities; ethics will play a vital role in any future sustainable development of AI in society. Our exploration provides a foundation for in-depth discussions and future research collaborations. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; artificial intelligence; machine learning; ethics; social impacts sustainability; artificial intelligence; machine learning; ethics; social impacts
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Khakurel, J.; Penzenstadler, B.; Porras, J.; Knutas, A.; Zhang, W. The Rise of Artificial Intelligence under the Lens of Sustainability. Technologies 2018, 6, 100.

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