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Technologies 2016, 4(2), 17;

Correlation Plenoptic Imaging With Entangled Photons

Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche “Enrico Fermi”, I-00184 Roma, Italy
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy
Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica, Università degli studi di Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy
Fischell Department of Bioengineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yanhua Shih and Ronald E. Meyers
Received: 3 May 2016 / Revised: 30 May 2016 / Accepted: 1 June 2016 / Published: 7 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quantum Imaging)
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Plenoptic imaging is a novel optical technique for three-dimensional imaging in a single shot. It is enabled by the simultaneous measurement of both the location and the propagation direction of light in a given scene. In the standard approach, the maximum spatial and angular resolutions are inversely proportional, and so are the resolution and the maximum achievable depth of focus of the 3D image. We have recently proposed a method to overcome such fundamental limits by combining plenoptic imaging with an intriguing correlation remote-imaging technique: ghost imaging. Here, we theoretically demonstrate that correlation plenoptic imaging can be effectively achieved by exploiting the position-momentum entanglement characterizing spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC) photon pairs. As a proof-of-principle demonstration, we shall show that correlation plenoptic imaging with entangled photons may enable the refocusing of an out-of-focus image at the same depth of focus of a standard plenoptic device, but without sacrificing diffraction-limited image resolution. View Full-Text
Keywords: entanglement; ghost imaging; three-dimensional imaging entanglement; ghost imaging; three-dimensional imaging

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Pepe, F.V.; Di Lena, F.; Garuccio, A.; Scarcelli, G.; D’Angelo, M. Correlation Plenoptic Imaging With Entangled Photons. Technologies 2016, 4, 17.

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