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Article

Smoking Cessation at the Community Pharmacy: Determinants of Success from a Real-Life Practice

1
AcF—Acompanhamento Farmacoterapêutico Lda, 7490-324 Pavia, Portugal
2
Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade do Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
3
Escola de Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano, Universidade de Évora, 7000-671 Évora, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jon Schommer
Pharmacy 2021, 9(3), 143; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy9030143
Received: 14 June 2021 / Revised: 29 July 2021 / Accepted: 13 August 2021 / Published: 19 August 2021
The objectives of this study are to report the contribution of pharmacists to smoking cessation and study the determinants of smoking cessation success in eight pharmacies in Portugal (south) between 2009 and 2019. A real-life study was conducted with a sample of smokers who participated in pharmacist consultations. The sample included 135 smokers (average age of 47.9 ± 1.21 years), 79 (58.5%) of whom were male. In parallel with the motivation and behavioral approach, 116 (85.9%) smokers received pharmacological therapies: 108 (80.0%) were treated with nicotine replacement products and eight (5.9%) with non-nicotine medications. The interventions resulted in 70 (51.9%) smokers complying with the quit day, of whom 59 (43.7%) were smoking-abstinent at the end of the first month. Success rates were reduced to 32.6%, 28.1%, and 20.7% at the end of the 3rd, 6th, and 12th months, respectively. Smoking cessation was more successful for the participants receiving pharmacological therapies (Fisher’s exact test, p < 0.001) and those who participated in more pharmacist consultations (χ2 = 59.994, p < 0.001) and more telephone sessions (χ2 = 17.845, p < 0.001). Pharmacists can contribute significantly to the promotion of smoking cessation. Smokers who are more thoroughly followed up by pharmacists showed increased success rates when compared with smokers having fewer sessions with pharmacists. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking cessation; determinants; community pharmacy; pharmacist; Portugal smoking cessation; determinants; community pharmacy; pharmacist; Portugal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Condinho, M.; Ramalhinho, I.; Sinogas, C. Smoking Cessation at the Community Pharmacy: Determinants of Success from a Real-Life Practice. Pharmacy 2021, 9, 143. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy9030143

AMA Style

Condinho M, Ramalhinho I, Sinogas C. Smoking Cessation at the Community Pharmacy: Determinants of Success from a Real-Life Practice. Pharmacy. 2021; 9(3):143. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy9030143

Chicago/Turabian Style

Condinho, Mónica, Isabel Ramalhinho, and Carlos Sinogas. 2021. "Smoking Cessation at the Community Pharmacy: Determinants of Success from a Real-Life Practice" Pharmacy 9, no. 3: 143. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy9030143

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