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Open AccessArticle

Learning Needs of Pharmacists for an Evolving Scope of Practice

by Zubin Austin 1,* and Paul Gregory 2
1
Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy and the Institute for Health Policy, Management and Evaluation—Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3M2, Canada
2
Leslie Dan Faculty of Phamacy, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3M2, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmacy 2019, 7(4), 140; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7040140
Received: 4 September 2019 / Revised: 17 September 2019 / Accepted: 18 September 2019 / Published: 25 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Continuing Professional Development in Pharmacy)
Around the world, changes in scope of practice regulations for pharmacists have been used as a tool to advance practice and promote change. Regulatory change does not automatically trigger practice change; the extent and speed of uptake of new roles and responsibilities has been slower than anticipated. A recent study identified 9 pre-requisites to practice change (the 9Ps of Practice Change). The objective of this study was to describe how educationalists could best apply these 9Ps to the design and delivery of continuing professional development for pharmacists. Twenty community pharmacists participated in semi-structured interviews designed to elicit their learning needs for scope of practice change. Seven supportive educational techniques were identified as being most helpful to promote practice change: (i) a coaching/mentoring approach; (ii) practice-based experiential learning; (iii) a longitudinal approach to instructional design; (iv) active demonstration of how to implement practice change; v) increased focus on soft-skills development; (vi) opportunities for practice/rehearsal of new skills; and (vii) use of a 360-degree feedback model. Further work is required to determine how these techniques can be best applied and implemented to support practice change in pharmacy. View Full-Text
Keywords: pharmacy practice; continuing professional development; scope of practice; quality assurance; maintenance of competency pharmacy practice; continuing professional development; scope of practice; quality assurance; maintenance of competency
MDPI and ACS Style

Austin, Z.; Gregory, P. Learning Needs of Pharmacists for an Evolving Scope of Practice. Pharmacy 2019, 7, 140.

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