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Towards a Greater Professional Standing: Evolution of Pharmacy Practice and Education, 1920–2020

Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
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Pharmacy 2019, 7(3), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7030098
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 17 July 2019 / Accepted: 18 July 2019 / Published: 20 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pharmacist Services)
The history of community pharmacy in America since the 1920s is one of slow progress towards greater professional standing through changes in pharmacy education and practice. The history of American community pharmacy in the modern era can be divided into four periods: 1920–1949 (Soda Fountain Era), 1950–1979 (Lick, Stick, Pour and More Era), 1980–2009 (Pharmaceutical Care Era), and 2010–present (Post-Pharmaceutical Care Era). As traditional compounding has waned, leaders within community pharmacy have sought to shift focus from product to patient. Increasing degree requirements and postgraduate training have enhanced pharmacists’ ability to provide patient care services not directly associated with medication dispensing. However, the realities of practice have often fallen short of ideal visions of patient-focused community pharmacy practice. Positive trends in the recognition of the impact of community pharmacists on healthcare value and the need for more optimal medication management suggest that opportunities for community pharmacists to provide patient care may expand through the 21st century. View Full-Text
Keywords: history of pharmacy; 20th century history; 21st century history; community pharmacy services; pharmacy education history of pharmacy; 20th century history; 21st century history; community pharmacy services; pharmacy education
MDPI and ACS Style

Urick, B.Y.; Meggs, E.V. Towards a Greater Professional Standing: Evolution of Pharmacy Practice and Education, 1920–2020. Pharmacy 2019, 7, 98.

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