Young People and the Management of Chronic Illness by Primary Care Pharmacists: A Systematic Review
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Search Strategy and Data Resources
2.2. Eligibility Criteria
2.3. Quality Assessment
3.1. Data Extraction
3.1.1. Study Design
3.1.2. Participants/Study Groups
3.1.3. Overview of Goals of Studies
3.1.4. Quality of Studies
3.2. Details of the Extrapolation
3.2.1. Pharmacists’ Perspectives Regarding Medication Use in Adolescent Patients
3.2.2. Observation of Community Pharmacists’ Interactions with Young People and Their Carers
3.2.3. Perspective of Adolescents and Parents Regarding Their Knowledge and Medication Use Experiences
3.2.4. Pharmaceutical Care Programmes Provided to Young People
3.2.5. Intervention to Improve the Use of Medicines in Young People
3.3. Assessment of Outcomes
3.3.1. Pharmacists’ Perspectives Regarding Medication Use in Adolescent Patients
3.3.2. Perspectives of Adolescents and Parents Regarding Their Knowledge and Medication Use Experiences
3.3.3. Pharmaceutical Care Programmes Provided to Young People
4.1. The Findings
4.2. Strengths and Limitations
4.3. Implications for Practice
Conflicts of Interest
|Study||Study Aims||Study Type||Setting||Participants|
|Gray et al. , 2017||To explore the perceived and potential roles of pharmacists in the care of young people aged 10–24 years with chronic illness, through the exemplar of juvenile arthritis.||Sequential mixed methods:|
The first two phases–pharmacist focus groups and stakeholder telephone interviews—were qualitative. The final phase—multidisciplinary
discussion groups—was a quantitative approach
Pharmacist focus groups were facilitated by the project manager.
Multidisciplinary discussion groups were convened at targeted paediatric rheumatology centres across England and
|4 focus groups:|
9 community pharmacists,
9 hospital Pharmacists.
|15 telephone interviews:|
2 pharmacy policymakers,
3 service commissioners,
2 pharmacy staff members,
5 rheumatology professionals,
3 lay advocates.
|3 Discussion groups:|
9 community pharmacists,
4 hospital pharmacists,
7 rheumatology physicians,
5 specialist nurses,
|Abraham et al. , 2017||To explore the perspectives of children and parents regarding paediatric patients’ knowledge and medication use experiences with chronic illnesses, how they want to learn about medicines and perceptions of community pharmacist-provided counselling.||Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and thematic analyses.||Three community pharmacies in two eastern states: One in western North Carolina and two in the region of western Pennsylvania.||39 participants:|
20 children using medications for chronic illnesses,
|Carpenter et al. , 2016||To characterize community pharmacists’ interactions with children and their caregivers.||14-day observational study.||Three community pharmacies, one located in a western North Carolina town and two located in western Pennsylvania.||97 families|
|Benavides et al. , 2011||To evaluate the role of a clinical pharmacist in screening children and adolescents for metabolic syndrome.||Three-month, prospective, cross-sectional study.||Paediatric ambulatory clinic located in a community health centre in Texas.||25 participants|
|González-Martin et al. , 2003||To evaluate the impact of a pharmaceutical care program on children with asthma.||Paediatric asthma quality-of-life questionnaire (PAQLQ)in two groups of children:A and B.||Outpatient paediatric clinic of the Catholic University of Chile.||21 recruited children:|
Group A (11 children),
Group B (10 children).
|Koster et al. , 2015||To explore pharmacy staff’s perspectives regarding medication use behaviour in adolescent patients.||Structured face-to-face interviews.||Community pharmacies in Utrecht.||170 members:|
8 other functions.
|Aston et al. , 2017||To determine whether community pharmacists undertake medication reviews with children/young people or their parents/carers and to identify the type of medication-related experiences that are presented to community pharmacists when a child/young person is taking long-term prescribed medication.|| Semi-structured|
|Costello et al. , 2004||To provide underpinning evidence in the development of advice on managing medicines for children and young people.||Literature review.||-||31 studies|
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Almunef, M.; Mason, J.; Curtis, C.; Jalal, Z. Young People and the Management of Chronic Illness by Primary Care Pharmacists: A Systematic Review. Pharmacy 2019, 7, 89. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7030089
Almunef M, Mason J, Curtis C, Jalal Z. Young People and the Management of Chronic Illness by Primary Care Pharmacists: A Systematic Review. Pharmacy. 2019; 7(3):89. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7030089Chicago/Turabian Style
Almunef, Mohammed, Julie Mason, Chris Curtis, and Zahraa Jalal. 2019. "Young People and the Management of Chronic Illness by Primary Care Pharmacists: A Systematic Review" Pharmacy 7, no. 3: 89. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7030089