Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Implementation of Competency-Based Pharmacy Education (CBPE)
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Perceived Preparedness of Health Care Students for Providing Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment and Management
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Pharmacy 2017, 5(1), 8;

A Comparison of Competences for Healthcare Professions in Europe

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Campus Cartuja s/n, Granada 18071, Spain
Academic Editor: Jeffrey Atkinson
Received: 5 December 2016 / Revised: 9 February 2017 / Accepted: 16 February 2017 / Published: 21 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Competence Training for Pharmacy)
Full-Text   |   PDF [998 KB, uploaded 21 February 2017]   |  


In Europe and elsewhere, there is increasing interest in competence-based education (CBE) and training for professional practice in healthcare. This review presents competences for pharmacy practice in Europe and compares them with those for medicine and dentistry. Comparisons amongst competence frameworks were made by matching the European Directive for Professional Qualifications in sectoral professions such as healthcare (EU directive) with the frameworks of competences elaborated by European consortia in pharmacy (PHAR-QA), medicine (MEDINE), and dentistry (ADEE). The results show that the recommendations of the EU directive for all three professions are similar. There is also widespread similarity in the formulation of competences for all healthcare professions. Furthermore, for medicine and pharmacy, the rankings by practitioners of the vast majority of competences are similar. These results lay the foundations for the design of more interdisciplinary educational programs for healthcare professionals, and for the development of team-based care. View Full-Text
Keywords: competences; education; pharmacy; healthcare professions competences; education; pharmacy; healthcare professions

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez-Pozo, A. A Comparison of Competences for Healthcare Professions in Europe. Pharmacy 2017, 5, 8.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Pharmacy EISSN 2226-4787 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top