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Pharmacy 2016, 4(1), 4;

Evaluating the Quality of Competency Assessment in Pharmacy: A Framework for Workplace Learning

Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, 4940 Eastern Ave, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA
UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina (UNC), Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
UNC Medical Center, University of North Carolina (UNC), 101 Manning Dr, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Maree Donna Simpson and Greggory Maynard
Received: 30 September 2015 / Revised: 4 January 2016 / Accepted: 14 January 2016 / Published: 19 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Learning in Pharmacy)
Full-Text   |   PDF [182 KB, uploaded 19 January 2016]


Demonstration of achieved competencies is critical in the pharmacy workplace. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of the competency assessment program for pharmacy residents at an academic medical center. The competency assessment program (CAP) survey is a validated, 48-item instrument that evaluates the quality of an assessment program based on 12 criteria, each measured by four questions on a scale of 0 to 100. The CAP was completed by residents (n = 23) and preceptors (n = 28) from the pharmacy residency program between 2010 and 2013. Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Cronbach’s alpha, and non-parametric tests. Educational Consequences was the only quality criteria falling below the standard for “good quality.” Participants that completed residency training elsewhere rated the Comparability (0.04) and Meaningfulness (0.01) of the assessment program higher than those that completed residency at the academic medical center. There were no significant differences between resident and preceptor scores. Overall, the quality of the assessment program was rated highly by residents and preceptors. The process described here provides a useful framework for understanding the quality of workplace learning assessments in pharmacy practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: assessment; evaluation; residents; workplace learning; competency assessment; evaluation; residents; workplace learning; competency
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Shah, S.; McLaughlin, J.E.; Eckel, S.F.; Mangun, J.; Hawes, E. Evaluating the Quality of Competency Assessment in Pharmacy: A Framework for Workplace Learning. Pharmacy 2016, 4, 4.

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