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Organizational and Formational Structures of Networks in the Mental Lexicon: A State-Of-The-Art through Systematic Review

1
Department of Languages and Literature of Europe and Americas, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
2
Department of English, Universitat de Barcelona, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Languages 2020, 5(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/languages5010001
Received: 18 July 2019 / Revised: 11 December 2019 / Accepted: 13 December 2019 / Published: 24 December 2019
This state-of-the-art presents a systematic exploration on the use of network patterns in global research efforts to understand, organize and represent the mental lexicon. Results have shown an increase over recent years in the usage of complex, small-world and scale-free network patterns within the literature. With the increasing complexity of network patterns, we see more potential in the inter-disciplinary exploration of the mental lexicon through universal and mathematically-describable, behavioral patterns in small-world and scale-free networks. A systematic review of 36 items of methodologically-selected literature serve as a means to explore how the greater literary body understands network structures within the mental lexicon. Network-based approaches are discriminated between three contrasting varieties. These include: ‘simple networks’, characterized by arbitrarily organized graph patterns of metaphorical importance; ‘connectionist networks’, a broad category of networks which explore the structural features of a system through the analysis of emergent properties; and lastly ‘complex networks’, distinguished as small-world, scale-free networks which follow a strict and mathematically-describable structure in agreement with the Barabási–Albert model. Each network approach is explored in terms of their discernible differences which relate to their parameters and affect their implications. A final evaluation of observed patterns within the selected literature is offered, as well as an elaboration on the sense of trajectory beheld in the research in order to offer insight and orientation for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental lexicon; simple networks; connectionist networks; complex networks; vocabulary mental lexicon; simple networks; connectionist networks; complex networks; vocabulary
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McCarthy, L.; Miralpeix, I. Organizational and Formational Structures of Networks in the Mental Lexicon: A State-Of-The-Art through Systematic Review. Languages 2020, 5, 1.

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