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Organisational Skills in Academic Writing: A Study on Coherence and Cohesion in Pakistani Research Abstracts

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Department of Applied Linguistics, Government College University, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
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Faculty of Social Sciences, Government College University, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Languages 2019, 4(4), 92; https://doi.org/10.3390/languages4040092
Received: 11 June 2019 / Revised: 11 November 2019 / Accepted: 13 November 2019 / Published: 17 November 2019
Writing requires a suitable and strategic use of language with communicative potential and structural correctness. The use of coherence and cohesion helps create communicative potential and structural correctness in texts. This study aims to investigate the use of cohesive items in the abstracts of Pakistani research articles and thereby determine what type of cohesive items are frequently used by writers. In addition, the study aims to know what functions the said writers achieve through the most frequently used cohesive items. For this purpose, 50 abstracts were retrieved from two famous Pakistani research journals (25 articles per journal), which were developed into a corpus for the study and analysed through AntConc. 3.4.4.0. The results revealed that Pakistani research writers used reference items the most frequently to achieve “directive” as well as “referential” functions. On the basis of these findings, the study concluded that Pakistani research article writers organised information in abstracts using reference items the most frequently and they were mainly concerned with directive as well as referential functions of meaning. The results also showed that the said writers organised texts on a syntactic level only, which implied that they should organise texts on a semantic level also. This would be possible with the use of repetition devices. View Full-Text
Keywords: abstracts; academic writing; coherence and cohesion; cohesive items; organisational skills abstracts; academic writing; coherence and cohesion; cohesive items; organisational skills
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Ahmad, M.; Mahmood, M.A.; Siddique, A.R. Organisational Skills in Academic Writing: A Study on Coherence and Cohesion in Pakistani Research Abstracts. Languages 2019, 4, 92.

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