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Open AccessArticle

The Linguistic Landscape of the Valencian Community: A Comparative Analysis of Bilingual and Multilingual Signs in Three Different Areas

Department of History, Geography and Art, Universitat Jaume I, 12071 Castelló de la Plana, Spain
Languages 2019, 4(2), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/languages4020038
Received: 10 May 2019 / Revised: 12 June 2019 / Accepted: 12 June 2019 / Published: 16 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Formal and Methodological Approaches to Applied Linguistics)
During the last decades, the promotion of multilingualism has been key when designing linguistic policies in Europe. Previous research studies have focused on how languages are employed in fields such as education, media, and urban sites, among others. Bearing all this in mind, the aim of this paper is to analyse the linguistic landscapes of three municipalities located in a bilingual region in Spain, that of the Valencian Community. Thus, issues such as language contact, language dominance, and the languages used by a number of institutions on private and public signs were examined. As for the method, over 140 pictures of language signs were taken in order to examine language contact, language dominance, and the influence of official and foreign languages on private and public signs. The results suggest that the presence of languages may vary depending on the population living in these settings, the citizens’ mother tongue, and the policy regarding the minority language. The findings also indicate that the power of the two co-official languages is reinforced by public signs, whereas rich linguistic diversity is shown in private signs. All in all, it can be stated that the linguistic policy in the Valencian Community is not homogeneous throughout the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: linguistic landscape; minority language; bilingualism; multilingualism; language contact linguistic landscape; minority language; bilingualism; multilingualism; language contact
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Bellés-Calvera, L. The Linguistic Landscape of the Valencian Community: A Comparative Analysis of Bilingual and Multilingual Signs in Three Different Areas. Languages 2019, 4, 38.

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