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Languages 2018, 3(4), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/languages3040045

On the History of Ante(s): Exaptation of Adverbial –s?

Faculty of Humanities, Department of Languages, Literature and Communication, Utrecht Institute of Linguistics OTS, Utrecht University, 3512 JK Utrecht, The Netherlands
Received: 6 October 2018 / Revised: 11 November 2018 / Accepted: 19 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
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Abstract

In this paper we will describe the historical development of the Spanish doublet ante-antes (‘before’) and explore the question whether a process of exaptation is involved (cf. Lass 1990). We will argue that the final –s of antes, that originally marked the adverbial status of the word, in the course of time had become a kind of morphological ‘junk’ (cf. Lass 1990) and, subsequently, could be exploited in order to encode the semantic opposition between temporal meaning on the one hand, and adversative meaning on the other hand. However, based on quantitative data we will show that the incipient semantic redistribution over the course of the 16th century rather suddenly collapsed, leading to a differentiation between the prepositional ante and adverbial antes. View Full-Text
Keywords: adversativity; ante-antes; exaptation; temporality; preferentiality adversativity; ante-antes; exaptation; temporality; preferentiality
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Nieuwenhuijsen, D. On the History of Ante(s): Exaptation of Adverbial –s? Languages 2018, 3, 45.

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