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Languages 2018, 3(4), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/languages3040038

Auditory–Visual Speech Integration in Bipolar Disorder: A Preliminary Study

Psychology Program, Northern Cyprus Campus, Middle East Technical University (METU), KKTC, via Mersin 10, 99738 Kalkanlı, Güzelyurt, Turkey
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Received: 4 July 2018 / Revised: 10 October 2018 / Accepted: 15 October 2018 / Published: 17 October 2018
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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate how individuals with bipolar disorder integrate auditory and visual speech information compared to healthy individuals. Furthermore, we wanted to see whether there were any differences between manic and depressive episode bipolar disorder patients with respect to auditory and visual speech integration. It was hypothesized that the bipolar group’s auditory–visual speech integration would be weaker than that of the control group. Further, it was predicted that those in the manic phase of bipolar disorder would integrate visual speech information more robustly than their depressive phase counterparts. To examine these predictions, a McGurk effect paradigm with an identification task was used with typical auditory–visual (AV) speech stimuli. Additionally, auditory-only (AO) and visual-only (VO, lip-reading) speech perceptions were also tested. The dependent variable for the AV stimuli was the amount of visual speech influence. The dependent variables for AO and VO stimuli were accurate modality-based responses. Results showed that the disordered and control groups did not differ in AV speech integration and AO speech perception. However, there was a striking difference in favour of the healthy group with respect to the VO stimuli. The results suggest the need for further research whereby both behavioural and physiological data are collected simultaneously. This will help us understand the full dynamics of how auditory and visual speech information are integrated in people with bipolar disorder. View Full-Text
Keywords: auditory–visual speech perception; auditory–visual speech integration; bipolar disorder; speech perception auditory–visual speech perception; auditory–visual speech integration; bipolar disorder; speech perception
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Yordamlı, A.; Erdener, D. Auditory–Visual Speech Integration in Bipolar Disorder: A Preliminary Study. Languages 2018, 3, 38.

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