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Article

The Efficacy of Operational Bird Strike Prevention

1
Control and Simulation Department, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Kluyverweg 1, 2629 HS Delft, The Netherlands
2
Institute of Flight Guidance, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Lilienthalplatz 7, 38108 Braunschweig, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Aerospace 2021, 8(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8010017
Received: 11 November 2020 / Revised: 2 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 14 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Air Transportation—Operations and Management)
Involving air traffic controllers and pilots into the bird strike prevention process is considered an essential step to increase aviation and avian safety. Prior to implementing operational measures such as real-time warning systems, it is vital to evaluate their feasibility. This paper studies the efficacy of a bird strike advisory system for air traffic control. In addition to the potential safety benefit, the possible impact on airport operations is analyzed. To this end, a previously developed collision avoidance algorithm underlying the system was tested in fast-time Monte Carlo simulations involving various air traffic and bird densities to obtain representative conclusions for different operational conditions. The results demonstrate the strong safety potential of operational bird strike prevention in case of precise bird movement prediction. Unless airports operate close to their capacity limits while bird abundance is high, the induced delays remain tolerable. Prioritization of hazardous strikes involving large individuals as well as flocks of birds are expected to support operational feasibility in all conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: airport; air traffic management; aviation; bird strike; collision avoidance algorithm; safety; wildlife management airport; air traffic management; aviation; bird strike; collision avoidance algorithm; safety; wildlife management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Metz, I.C.; Ellerbroek, J.; Mühlhausen, T.; Kügler, D.; Kern, S.; Hoekstra, J.M. The Efficacy of Operational Bird Strike Prevention. Aerospace 2021, 8, 17. https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8010017

AMA Style

Metz IC, Ellerbroek J, Mühlhausen T, Kügler D, Kern S, Hoekstra JM. The Efficacy of Operational Bird Strike Prevention. Aerospace. 2021; 8(1):17. https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8010017

Chicago/Turabian Style

Metz, Isabel C.; Ellerbroek, Joost; Mühlhausen, Thorsten; Kügler, Dirk; Kern, Stefan; Hoekstra, Jacco M. 2021. "The Efficacy of Operational Bird Strike Prevention" Aerospace 8, no. 1: 17. https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8010017

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