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Climate Change-Induced Impacts on Smallholder Farmers in Selected Districts of Sidama, Southern Ethiopia

Geography & Environmental Studies & PhD Fellow in Development Studies at Institute of Policy & Development Research (IPDR), Hawassa University, Ethiopia. Po Box 05 Hawassa, Ethiopia
Climate 2019, 7(5), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli7050070
Received: 20 April 2019 / Revised: 15 May 2019 / Accepted: 16 May 2019 / Published: 22 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Agriculture for Climate Change Adaptation)
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Abstract

Different factors control the types of adaptive strategies and likelihoods of experiencing climate change-induced impacts by smallholder farmers. By using a mixed research method, this study examines the types and determinants of climate change-induced impacts on smallholder rural farmers in drought-prone low lands of Sidama, Southern Ethiopia. Randomly selected (401) households were surveyed on climate change-induced impacts. Longitudinal climatic data were also collected from the Ethiopian National Meteorological Agency to assess the trend of rainfall (RF), temperature and drought incidents. The analyses of the data revealed that RF and temperature had shown decreasing and increasing trends, respectively, during the three decades under consideration (1983–2014). These changes in RF and temperature exposed farmers to climate-related epidemics, drought, harvest loss, and hunger. The logit model results revealed that different factors control the likelihood of exposure to climate change-induced impacts. The findings revealed that literacy level, involving women in family decisions and farmers’ involvement in adaptation planning, reduces the likelihood of exposure to climate change-induced hunger. Therefore, there is a need to work on human capital of the farmers through expanding education, strengthening women’s participation in family decision-making, and by improving public participation in climate change adaptation undertakings to minimize climate change-induced impacts. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change-induced impacts; smallholder farmers; drought-prone low lands; rural Sidama; southern Ethiopia climate change-induced impacts; smallholder farmers; drought-prone low lands; rural Sidama; southern Ethiopia
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Matewos, T. Climate Change-Induced Impacts on Smallholder Farmers in Selected Districts of Sidama, Southern Ethiopia. Climate 2019, 7, 70.

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