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Climate Change and Migration for Scandinavian Saami: A Review of Possible Impacts

1
Institute for Global Health and Institute for Risk & Disaster Reduction, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
2
University of Agder, Kristiansand, 4630, Norway.
3
Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU), Tromsø, 9007, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2019, 7(4), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli7040047
Received: 4 March 2019 / Revised: 23 March 2019 / Accepted: 27 March 2019 / Published: 31 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social-Ecological Systems, Climate and Global Change Impacts)
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Abstract

Migration, especially of indigenous peoples, related to or influenced by climate change continues to gain increasing research and policy attention. Limited material remains for this topic for Scandinavia’s indigenous people, the Saami. This paper contributes to filling this gap by providing a review for the Scandinavian Saami of the possible impacts of climate change on migration. Environmental influences, social influences, and a synthesis through livelihoods impacts, including for reindeer herding, is provided, followed by a discussion of Saami responses to climate change and migration mainly through a governance analysis. Overall, climate change’s impacts on the Saami do not necessarily entail abandoning their traditions, livelihoods, or homes. Instead, the most significant impact is likely to be migrants moving into the Arctic to pursue resource opportunities. Working collaboratively with the Saami, policies and practices are needed to ensure that indigenous interests are respected and that indigenous needs are met. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptation; climate change; displacement; indigenous; migration; Sami; Saami adaptation; climate change; displacement; indigenous; migration; Sami; Saami
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kelman, I.; Næss, M.W. Climate Change and Migration for Scandinavian Saami: A Review of Possible Impacts. Climate 2019, 7, 47.

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