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Open AccessArticle

The RainBO Platform for Enhancing Urban Resilience to Floods: An Efficient Tool for Planning and Emergency Phases

1
Arpae SIMC—Regional Agency for Prevention, Environment and Energy of Emilia-Romagna, HydroMeteoClimate Service, 40122 Bologna, Italy
2
LepidaScpA, Research and Prototype Area, 40128 Bologna, Italy
3
MEEO srl, 44123 Ferrara, Italy
4
NIER Ingegneria spa, 40013 Castel Maggiore (Bologna), Italy
5
EEA—European Environment Agency, 1050 Copenhagen, Denmark
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INGV—Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Bologna, 40128 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2019, 7(12), 145; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli7120145
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 5 December 2019 / Accepted: 11 December 2019 / Published: 17 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Climate and Adaptation Tools)
Many urban areas face an increasing flood risk, which includes the risk of flash floods. Increasing extreme precipitation events will likely lead to greater human and economic losses unless reliable and efficient early warning systems (EWS) along with other adaptation actions are put in place in urban areas. The challenge is in the integration and analysis in time and space of the environmental, meteorological, and territorial data from multiple sources needed to build up EWS able to provide efficient contribution to increase the resilience of vulnerable and exposed urban communities to flooding. Efficient EWS contribute to the preparedness phase of the disaster cycle but could also be relevant in the planning of the emergency phase. The RainBO Life project addressed this matter, focusing on the improvement of knowledge, methods, and tools for the monitoring and forecast of extreme precipitation events and the assessment of the associated flood risk for small and medium watercourses in urban areas. To put this into practice, RainBO developed a webGIS platform, which contributes to the “planning” of the management of river flood events through the use of detailed data and flood risk/vulnerability maps, and the “event management” with real-time monitoring/forecast of the events through the collection of observed data from real sensors, estimated/forecasted data from hydrologic models as well as qualitative data collected through a crowdsourcing app. View Full-Text
Keywords: web-based platform; early warning system; vulnerability simulations; flood risk maps; rainfall estimates; microwave links; CML; crowdsourcing; sensible targets web-based platform; early warning system; vulnerability simulations; flood risk maps; rainfall estimates; microwave links; CML; crowdsourcing; sensible targets
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Villani, G.; Nanni, S.; Tomei, F.; Pasetti, S.; Mangiaracina, R.; Agnetti, A.; Leoni, P.; Folegani, M.; Mazzini, G.; Botarelli, L.; Castellari, S. The RainBO Platform for Enhancing Urban Resilience to Floods: An Efficient Tool for Planning and Emergency Phases. Climate 2019, 7, 145.

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