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Article

Towards a Lightweight Intrusion Detection Framework for In-Vehicle Networks

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, California State University, Fresno, CA 93740, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Torsten Braun
J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2022, 11(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/jsan11010006
Received: 27 September 2021 / Revised: 29 November 2021 / Accepted: 1 December 2021 / Published: 10 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS))
With the emergence of networked devices, from the Internet of Things (IoT) nodes and cellular phones to vehicles connected to the Internet, there has been an ever-growing expansion of attack surfaces in the Internet of Vehicles (IoV). In the past decade, there has been a rapid growth in the automotive industry as network-enabled and electronic devices are now integral parts of vehicular ecosystems. These include the development of automobile technologies, namely, Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAV) and electric vehicles. Attacks on IoV may lead to malfunctioning of Electronic Control Unit (ECU), brakes, control steering issues, and door lock issues that can be fatal in CAV. To mitigate these risks, there is need for a lightweight model to identify attacks on vehicular systems. In this article, an efficient model of an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is developed to detect anomalies in the vehicular system. The dataset used in this study is an In-Vehicle Network (IVN) communication protocol, i.e., Control Area Network (CAN) dataset generated in a real-time environment. The model classifies different types of attacks on vehicles into reconnaissance, Denial of Service (DoS), and fuzzing attacks. Experimentation with performance metrics of accuracy, precision, recall, and F-1 score are compared across a variety of classification models. The results demonstrate that the proposed model outperforms other classification models. View Full-Text
Keywords: Controller Area Network; Internet of Vehicles; intrusion detection system; security Controller Area Network; Internet of Vehicles; intrusion detection system; security
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MDPI and ACS Style

Basavaraj, D.; Tayeb, S. Towards a Lightweight Intrusion Detection Framework for In-Vehicle Networks. J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2022, 11, 6. https://doi.org/10.3390/jsan11010006

AMA Style

Basavaraj D, Tayeb S. Towards a Lightweight Intrusion Detection Framework for In-Vehicle Networks. Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks. 2022; 11(1):6. https://doi.org/10.3390/jsan11010006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Basavaraj, Dheeraj, and Shahab Tayeb. 2022. "Towards a Lightweight Intrusion Detection Framework for In-Vehicle Networks" Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks 11, no. 1: 6. https://doi.org/10.3390/jsan11010006

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