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Open AccessArticle

QTL Mapping and Candidate Gene Analysis for Pod Shattering Tolerance in Soybean (Glycine max)

1
National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration, Jeonju 55365, Korea
2
National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration, Jeonju 55365, Korea
3
FarmHannong, Ltd., Daejeon 34115, Korea
4
Department of Plant Bioscience, Pusan National University, Miryang 50463, Korea
5
Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University, Miryang 50463, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(9), 1163; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9091163
Received: 11 August 2020 / Revised: 5 September 2020 / Accepted: 7 September 2020 / Published: 8 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Crop Genomics and Breeding)
Pod shattering is an important reproductive process in many wild species. However, pod shattering at the maturing stage can result in severe yield loss. The objectives of this study were to discover quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for pod shattering using two recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations derived from an elite cultivar having pod shattering tolerance, namely “Daewonkong”, and to predict novel candidate QTL/genes involved in pod shattering based on their allele patterns. We found several QTLs with more than 10% phenotypic variance explained (PVE) on seven different chromosomes and found a novel candidate QTL on chromosome 16 (qPS-DS16-1) from the allele patterns in the QTL region. Out of the 41 annotated genes in the QTL region, six were found to contain SNP (single-nucleotide polymorphism)/indel variations in the coding sequence of the parents compared to the soybean reference genome. Among the six potential candidate genes, Glyma.16g076600, one of the genes with known function, showed a highly differential expression levels between the tolerant and susceptible parents in the growth stages R3 to R6. Further, Glyma.16g076600 is a homolog of AT4G19230 in Arabidopsis, whose function is related to abscisic acid catabolism. The results provide useful information to understand the genetic mechanism of pod shattering and could be used for improving the efficiency of marker-assisted selection for developing varieties of soybeans tolerant to pod shattering. View Full-Text
Keywords: soybean; pod shattering; quantitative trait loci; candidate gene; abscisic acid soybean; pod shattering; quantitative trait loci; candidate gene; abscisic acid
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Seo, J.-H.; Kang, B.-K.; Dhungana, S.K.; Oh, J.-H.; Choi, M.-S.; Park, J.-H.; Shin, S.-O.; Kim, H.-S.; Baek, I.-Y.; Sung, J.-S.; Jung, C.-S.; Kim, K.-S.; Jun, T.-H. QTL Mapping and Candidate Gene Analysis for Pod Shattering Tolerance in Soybean (Glycine max). Plants 2020, 9, 1163.

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