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Open AccessArticle

The Cypriot Indigenous Grapevine Germplasm Is a Multi-Clonal Varietal Mixture

1
Department of Agricultural Sciences, Biotechnology and Food Science, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol CY-3603, Cyprus
2
Institute of Olive Tree, Subtropical Plants and Viticulture, Hellenic Agricultural Organization ‘Demeter’ (NAGREF), 71003 Heraklio, Greece
3
Department of Biotechnology, Agricultural University of Athens, 10561 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(8), 1034; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9081034
Received: 16 May 2020 / Revised: 7 August 2020 / Accepted: 13 August 2020 / Published: 14 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Biodiversity and Genetic Resources)
Cypriot vineyards are considered as one among the earliest niches of viticulture and a pivotal hub for the domestication and dissemination of grapevine. The millennial presence of Vitis spp. in this Eastern Mediterranean island has given rise to a plethora of biotypes that have not been adequately characterized, despite their unique attributes and stress tolerance. This ancient germplasm also has an additional value since it survived the phylloxera outbreak; hence, it possesses a large amount of genetic diversity that has been unnoticed. In order to provide useful insights to the lineage of Cypriot vineyards, a two-year-spanning collection of centennial grapevine cultivars mostly regarded to belong to four indigenous variety clusters (“Mavro”, “Xynisteri”, “Maratheftiko”, and “Veriko”) was initiated. There were 164 accessions across the broader Commandaria wine zone sampled and characterized using a universal microsatellite primer set. Genetic analysis indicated that considered indigenous Cypriot germplasm has a polyclonal structure with a high level of heterozygosity. Moreover, several lineages or unexplored varieties may exist, since a larger than considered number of discrete genotypes was discovered. Furthermore, it was established that grapevine lineages in Cyprus were shaped across eras via clonal, as well as, sexual propagation. The special attributes of the Cypriot landscape are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cyprus; domestication; microsatellites; Vitis vinifera subsp. sativa; Vitis vinifera subsp. Sylvestris Cyprus; domestication; microsatellites; Vitis vinifera subsp. sativa; Vitis vinifera subsp. Sylvestris
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Grigoriou, A.; Tsaniklidis, G.; Hagidimitriou, M.; Nikoloudakis, N. The Cypriot Indigenous Grapevine Germplasm Is a Multi-Clonal Varietal Mixture. Plants 2020, 9, 1034.

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