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Perspective

Controlling Geminiviruses before Transmission: Prospects

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Centre for Agricultural Biochemistry and Biotechnology (CABB), University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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Center of Advanced Studies in Agriculture and Food Security (CAS-AFS), University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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Department of Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 38040, Pakistan
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Key Lab of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Oil Crops, Oil Crops Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Wuhan 430062, China
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Institute of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology (IPBB), MNS University of Agriculture, Multan 66000, Pakistan
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Department of Biosciences, COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Park Road, Islamabad 45550, Pakistan
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Department of Botany and Microbiology, College of Sciences, King Saud University, P.O. Box 22452, Riyadh 11495, Saudi Arabia
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Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta 31511, Egypt
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(11), 1556; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111556
Received: 12 October 2020 / Revised: 8 November 2020 / Accepted: 10 November 2020 / Published: 12 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Mycology and Virology)
Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci)-transmitted Geminiviruses cause serious diseases of crop plants in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Plants, animals, and their microbial symbionts have evolved complex ways to interact with each other that impact their life cycles. Blocking virus transmission by altering the biology of vector species, such as the whitefly, can be a potential approach to manage these devastating diseases. Virus transmission by insect vectors to plant hosts often involves bacterial endosymbionts. Molecular chaperonins of bacterial endosymbionts bind with virus particles and have a key role in the transmission of Geminiviruses. Hence, devising new approaches to obstruct virus transmission by manipulating bacterial endosymbionts before infection opens new avenues for viral disease control. The exploitation of bacterial endosymbiont within the insect vector would disrupt interactions among viruses, insects, and their bacterial endosymbionts. The study of this cooperating web could potentially decrease virus transmission and possibly represent an effective solution to control viral diseases in crop plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: geminiviruses; genetic engineering; genetically modified (GM) crops; whitefly; virus transmission geminiviruses; genetic engineering; genetically modified (GM) crops; whitefly; virus transmission
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mubarik, M.S.; Khan, S.H.; Ahmad, A.; Raza, A.; Khan, Z.; Sajjad, M.; Sammour, R.H.A.; Mustafa, A.E.-Z.M.A.; Al-Ghamdi, A.A.; Alajmi, A.H.; Alshamasi, F.K.I.; Elshikh, M.S. Controlling Geminiviruses before Transmission: Prospects. Plants 2020, 9, 1556. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111556

AMA Style

Mubarik MS, Khan SH, Ahmad A, Raza A, Khan Z, Sajjad M, Sammour RHA, Mustafa AE-ZMA, Al-Ghamdi AA, Alajmi AH, Alshamasi FKI, Elshikh MS. Controlling Geminiviruses before Transmission: Prospects. Plants. 2020; 9(11):1556. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111556

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mubarik, Muhammad S., Sultan H. Khan, Aftab Ahmad, Ali Raza, Zulqurnain Khan, Muhammad Sajjad, Reda H.A. Sammour, Abd E.-Z.M.A. Mustafa, Abdullah A. Al-Ghamdi, Amal H. Alajmi, Fatin K.I. Alshamasi, and Mohamed S. Elshikh 2020. "Controlling Geminiviruses before Transmission: Prospects" Plants 9, no. 11: 1556. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111556

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