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Open AccessReview

Recent Advances Regarding the Phytochemical and Therapeutic Uses of Populus nigra L. Buds

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Department of Pharmacognosy, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Eftimie Murgu Square, No.2, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
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Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Eftimie Murgu Square, No.2, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
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Department of Toxicology, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Eftimie Murgu Square, No.2, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
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Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Eftimie Murgu Square, No.2, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
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Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Erciyes University, Melikgazi, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey
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Department of Functional Sciences, Victor Babeş University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 2, Eftimie Murgu Square, 300041 Timişoara, Romania
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Department of Anatomy and Embryology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Victor Babeş, Eftimie Murgu Square, No. 2, 300041 Timisoara, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(11), 1464; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9111464
Received: 7 October 2020 / Revised: 16 October 2020 / Accepted: 22 October 2020 / Published: 29 October 2020
Populus nigra L. (Salicaceae family) is one of the most popular trees that can be found in deciduous forests. Some particularities that characterize the Populus genus refer to the fact that it includes more than 40 species, being widespread especially in Europe and Asia. Many residues, parts of this tree can be used as a bioresource for different extracts as active ingredients in pharmaceuticals next to multiple benefits in many areas of medicine. The present review discusses the latest findings regarding the phytochemical composition and the therapeutic properties of Populus nigra L. buds. The vegetal product has been described mainly to contain phenolic compounds (phenols, phenolic acids and phenylpropanoids), terpenoids (mono and sesquiterpenoids), flavones (e.g., apigenol and crysin), flavanones (e.g., pinocembrin and pinostrombin), caffeic/ferulic acids and their derivates, and more than 48 phytocompounds in the essential oils. The resinous exudates present on the buds have been the major plant source used by bees to form propolis. Several studies depicted its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, antidiabetic, antitumor, hepatoprotective, hypouricemic properties and its effects on melanin production. All these lead to the conclusion that black poplar buds are a valuable and important source of bioactive compounds responsible for a wide range of therapeutic uses, being a promising candidate as a complementary and/or alternative source for a large number of health problems. The aim of the review is to gather the existing information and to bring an up to date regarding the phytochemical and therapeutic uses of Populus nigra L. buds. View Full-Text
Keywords: Populus nigra L.; black poplar; Populus nigra L. buds; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; antimicrobial; antidiabetic; antitumor; vasorelaxant; hepatoprotective; hypouricemic properties; melanin production Populus nigra L.; black poplar; Populus nigra L. buds; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; antimicrobial; antidiabetic; antitumor; vasorelaxant; hepatoprotective; hypouricemic properties; melanin production
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Kis, B.; Avram, S.; Pavel, I.Z.; Lombrea, A.; Buda, V.; Dehelean, C.A.; Soica, C.; Yerer, M.B.; Bojin, F.; Folescu, R.; Danciu, C. Recent Advances Regarding the Phytochemical and Therapeutic Uses of Populus nigra L. Buds. Plants 2020, 9, 1464.

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