Next Article in Journal
Mineral Element Composition in Grain of Awned and Awnletted Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars: Tissue-Specific Iron Speciation and Phytate and Non-Phytate Ligand Ratio
Previous Article in Journal
Studying the Influence of Apple Peel Polyphenol Extract Fortification on the Characteristics of Probiotic Yoghurt
Open AccessArticle

Roots and Leaf Extracts of Dipsacus fullonum L. and Their Biological Activities

1
Department of Fruit, Vegetable and Plant Nutraceuticals Technology, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 37 Chełmońskiego Street, 51-630 Wrocław, Poland
2
Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 37 Chełmońskiego Street, 51-630 Wrocław, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(1), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9010078
Received: 2 November 2019 / Revised: 2 January 2020 / Accepted: 3 January 2020 / Published: 8 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Phytochemistry)
The aim of the study was to identify and evaluate the content of iridoids and phenolic compounds in the leaves and roots of Dipsacus fullonum L. They were identified and quantified by UPLC-PDA-MS/MS. Five iridoid compounds (loganic acid, loganin, sweroside, cantleyoside, and sylvestroside III) were identified in Dipsacus fullonum L. leaves and roots. Seven phenolic acids and three flavones were identified in the leaves, and seven phenolic acids were detected in the roots. The leaves contained more iridoids and phenolic compounds than the roots. We also evaluated the antimicrobial (anti-bacterial and anti-yeast), antioxidant (ORAC methods), and antiacetylcholinesterase (AChE) activities of Dipsacus fullonum L. leaves and roots. Leaf extract demonstrated the strongest antioxidant activity, but roots showed stronger antiacetylcholinesterase activity than leaves. The study also confirmed antibacterial activity of root-derived compounds against Staphylococcus aureus DSM 799 and Escherichia coli ATCC 10536.
Keywords: Dipsacus fullonum L.; irydoids; polyphenols; UPLC-PDA-QTof-MS/MS; anti-bacterial; anti-yeast; anti-oxidant; anti-acetylcholinesterase activities Dipsacus fullonum L.; irydoids; polyphenols; UPLC-PDA-QTof-MS/MS; anti-bacterial; anti-yeast; anti-oxidant; anti-acetylcholinesterase activities
MDPI and ACS Style

Oszmiański, J.; Wojdyło, A.; Juszczyk, P.; Nowicka, P. Roots and Leaf Extracts of Dipsacus fullonum L. and Their Biological Activities. Plants 2020, 9, 78.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop