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Open AccessArticle

Seedling Characteristics of Three Oily Species before and after Root Pruning and Transplant

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Academia de Desarrollo Regional Sustentable El Colegio de Veracruz, Xalapa 91000, Mexico
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LPI3 Colegio de Postgraduados, Predio Tepetates, Veracruz 91690, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2019, 8(8), 258; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8080258
Received: 23 May 2019 / Revised: 1 July 2019 / Accepted: 4 July 2019 / Published: 30 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Physiology and Metabolism)
Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringa), Jatropha curcas L. (Jatropha), and Ricinus communis L. (Ricinus) are oily species known by their capability to grow in tropical and subtropical lands. However, there are no studies comparing their growth and recovery capabilities after root pruning and transplant. The purpose of this research was to compare and analyze propagation, growth, and recovery performance of these species after root pruning and transplant. We sowed 100 seeds per species and monitored their survival and growth during a 63-day period; after this, we uprooted the plants and pruned their roots 4.0 cm from their base and transplanted them. We monitored their recovery over 83 days, and then uprooted plants and measured above- and belowground data, digitized their roots in three dimensions, and calculated biomass fractions. With this information, we established allometric equations to estimate biomass fractions and root distribution models. Results indicated that Ricinus had the highest propagation capabilities. Jatropha and Ricinus had similar recovery after root pruning and transplant. Moringa had the lowest propagation and recovery from transplant. Concerning belowground data, root pruning increased root density more than three times in Moringa, four times in Ricinus, and six times in Jatropha. Nevertheless, the three species maintained natural root trays. Ricinus had the longest and thinnest roots and the highest number of branches, followed by Jatropha, and finally Moringa, with the smallest quantity and the shortest and thickest roots. We concluded that the three species recovered well from root pruning and transplant, with improved root structure upon applying these practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: Moringa oleifera; Jatropha curcas; Ricinus communis; root systems Moringa oleifera; Jatropha curcas; Ricinus communis; root systems
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Valdés-Rodríguez, O.A.; Pérez-Vázquez, A. Seedling Characteristics of Three Oily Species before and after Root Pruning and Transplant. Plants 2019, 8, 258.

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