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Genome-Wide Analysis of Serine/Arginine-Rich Protein Family in Wheat and Brachypodium distachyon

State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Agronomy, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, China
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Plants 2019, 8(7), 188; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8070188
Received: 2 April 2019 / Revised: 20 June 2019 / Accepted: 22 June 2019 / Published: 26 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Genetics and Genomics)
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Abstract

By regulating the pre-mRNA splicing of other genes and themselves, plant serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins play important roles in development and in response to abiotic stresses. Presently, the functions of most plant SR protein genes remain unclear. Wheat (Triticum aestivum) and Brachypodium distachyon are closely related species. In this study, 40 TaSR and 18 BdSR proteins were identified respectively, and they were classified into seven subfamilies: SR, RS, SCL, RSZ, RS2Z, SC35, and SR45. Similar to Arabidopsis and rice SR protein genes, most TaSR and BdSR protein genes are expressed extensively. Surprisingly, real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses showed that no alternative splicing event was found in TaSR protein genes, and only six BdSR protein genes are alternatively spliced genes. The detected alternatively spliced BdSR protein genes and transcripts are much fewer than in Arabidopsis, rice, maize, and sorghum. In the promoter regions, 92 development-related, stress-related, and hormone-related cis-elements were detected, indicating their functions in development and in response to environmental stresses. Meanwhile, 19 TaSR and 16 BdSR proteins were predicted to interact with other SR proteins or non-SR proteins, implying that they are involved in other functions in addition to modulating pre-mRNA splicing as essential components of the spliceosome. These results lay a foundation for further analyses of these genes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brachypodium distachyon; wheat; serine/arginine-rich (SR) protein; alternative splicing Brachypodium distachyon; wheat; serine/arginine-rich (SR) protein; alternative splicing
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Chen, S.; Li, J.; Liu, Y.; Li, H. Genome-Wide Analysis of Serine/Arginine-Rich Protein Family in Wheat and Brachypodium distachyon. Plants 2019, 8, 188.

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