Genome-Wide Analysis of Serine/Arginine-Rich Protein Family in Wheat and Brachypodium distachyon
AbstractBy regulating the pre-mRNA splicing of other genes and themselves, plant serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins play important roles in development and in response to abiotic stresses. Presently, the functions of most plant SR protein genes remain unclear. Wheat (Triticum aestivum) and Brachypodium distachyon are closely related species. In this study, 40 TaSR and 18 BdSR proteins were identified respectively, and they were classified into seven subfamilies: SR, RS, SCL, RSZ, RS2Z, SC35, and SR45. Similar to Arabidopsis and rice SR protein genes, most TaSR and BdSR protein genes are expressed extensively. Surprisingly, real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses showed that no alternative splicing event was found in TaSR protein genes, and only six BdSR protein genes are alternatively spliced genes. The detected alternatively spliced BdSR protein genes and transcripts are much fewer than in Arabidopsis, rice, maize, and sorghum. In the promoter regions, 92 development-related, stress-related, and hormone-related cis-elements were detected, indicating their functions in development and in response to environmental stresses. Meanwhile, 19 TaSR and 16 BdSR proteins were predicted to interact with other SR proteins or non-SR proteins, implying that they are involved in other functions in addition to modulating pre-mRNA splicing as essential components of the spliceosome. These results lay a foundation for further analyses of these genes. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
ZIP-Document (ZIP, 1935 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Chen, S.; Li, J.; Liu, Y.; Li, H. Genome-Wide Analysis of Serine/Arginine-Rich Protein Family in Wheat and Brachypodium distachyon. Plants 2019, 8, 188.
Chen S, Li J, Liu Y, Li H. Genome-Wide Analysis of Serine/Arginine-Rich Protein Family in Wheat and Brachypodium distachyon. Plants. 2019; 8(7):188.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Shoukun; Li, Jiawei; Liu, Yue; Li, Haifeng. 2019. "Genome-Wide Analysis of Serine/Arginine-Rich Protein Family in Wheat and Brachypodium distachyon." Plants 8, no. 7: 188.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.