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Comprehensive Analysis of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Chloroplast Genome

1
DNA Barcoding Laboratory for TCM Authentication, Mathematical Engineering Academy of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510006, China
2
Traditional Chinese Medicine Gynecology Laboratory in Lingnan Medical Research Center, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510410, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors have contributed equally to this work.
Plants 2019, 8(4), 89; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8040089
Received: 21 February 2019 / Revised: 26 March 2019 / Accepted: 29 March 2019 / Published: 4 April 2019
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Abstract

In the last decade, several studies have relied on a small number of plastid genomes to deduce deep phylogenetic relationships in the species-rich Myrtaceae. Nevertheless, the plastome of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa, an important representative plant of the Rhodomyrtus (DC.) genera, has not yet been reported yet. Here, we sequenced and analyzed the complete chloroplast (CP) genome of R. tomentosa, which is a 156,129-bp-long circular molecule with 37.1% GC content. This CP genome displays a typical quadripartite structure with two inverted repeats (IRa and IRb), of 25,824 bp each, that are separated by a small single copy region (SSC, 18,183 bp) and one large single copy region (LSC, 86,298 bp). The CP genome encodes 129 genes, including 84 protein-coding genes, 37 tRNA genes, eight rRNA genes and three pseudogenes (ycf1, rps19, ndhF). A considerable number of protein-coding genes have a universal ATG start codon, except for psbL and ndhD. Premature termination codons (PTCs) were found in one protein-coding gene, namely atpE, which is rarely reported in the CP genome of plants. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that R. tomentosa has a sister relationship with Eugenia uniflora and Psidium guajava. In conclusion, this study identified unique characteristics of the R. tomentosa CP genome providing valuable information for further investigations on species identification and the phylogenetic evolution between R. tomentosa and related species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Rhodomyrtus tomentosa; chloroplast genome; species identification; phylogenetic analysis Rhodomyrtus tomentosa; chloroplast genome; species identification; phylogenetic analysis
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Huang, Y.; Yang, Z.; Huang, S.; An, W.; Li, J.; Zheng, X. Comprehensive Analysis of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Chloroplast Genome. Plants 2019, 8, 89.

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