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Smoke-Water Enhances Germination and Seedling Growth of Four Horticultural Crops

Department of Landscape Architecture, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Suez Canal University, Ismailia 41522, Egypt
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2019, 8(4), 104;
Received: 28 January 2019 / Revised: 7 April 2019 / Accepted: 9 April 2019 / Published: 18 April 2019
PDF [2049 KB, uploaded 25 April 2019]


The impact of plant-derived smoke as a promoter of seed germination in many crops is well documented. However, very little is known about (1) the appropriate plant species for smoke-water preparation, (2) the effect of smoke-water on the germination and the post-germination parameters in non-fire-prone environments, and (3) the relative importance of dark and light conditions and their possible effects. To fill these gaps in knowledge, we conducted field experiments to evaluate the effect of smoke-water produced from five plant species—white willow, sage, rice straw, rosemary, and lemon eucalyptus—on the germination and seedling growth of cucumber, tomato, scotch marigold, and gladiolus. The seeds and cormels were soaked in smoke-water under light or dark conditions. The results revealed that the smoke-water treatments derived from white willow and lemon eucalyptus enhanced germination, post-germination parameters, and macro element content whilst also contributing to dormancy-breaking. In addition, these smoke-water treatments significantly reduced abscisic acid content and increased α-amylase activity under light conditions; however, the stimulating effects were absent under dark conditions. In conclusion, we provide new evidence that germination and seedling growth in non-fire-prone environments can be enhanced by plant-derived smoke, and that stimulating impacts depend on the plant species used to prepare the smoke-water. View Full-Text
Keywords: germination; horticulture plants; plant derived smoke; α-amylase activity; abscisic acid germination; horticulture plants; plant derived smoke; α-amylase activity; abscisic acid

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Elsadek, M.A.; Yousef, E.A.A. Smoke-Water Enhances Germination and Seedling Growth of Four Horticultural Crops. Plants 2019, 8, 104.

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