Next Article in Journal
Differential Effects of Increasing Salinity on Germination and Seedling Growth of Native and Exotic Invasive Cordgrasses
Previous Article in Journal
The Changbai Alpine Shrub Tundra Will Be Replaced by Herbaceous Tundra under Global Climate Change
Open AccessArticle

A Novel Aspect of Essential Oils: Coating Seeds with Thyme Essential Oil induces Drought Resistance in Wheat

1
Laboratory of Genetics and Plant Breeding, National Institute of Agronomy of Tunis, 43, Av Charles Nicolle, Tunis 1082, Tunisia
2
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, 14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany
3
Departament de Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals, Secció de Fisiologia Vegetal, Universitat de Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
4
Faculty of Agriculture, Damascus University, Damascus 306, Syria
5
Centre of Biotechnology of Borj Cedria, Laboratory of Bioactive Substances, BP 901, Hammam-Lif 2050, Tunisia
6
Section of Plant Physiology, University of Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
7
AGROTECNIO (Center of Research in Agrotechnology), University of Lleida, 25198 Lleida, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2019, 8(10), 371; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8100371
Received: 28 June 2019 / Revised: 8 August 2019 / Accepted: 20 August 2019 / Published: 25 September 2019
Coating seeds with biostimulants is among the promising approaches in crop production to increase crop tolerance to drought stress. In this study, we evaluated the potential of coating durum wheat seeds of the cultivar ‘Karim’ with thyme essential oil on enhancing seed germination and seedling growth, and on plant growth promotion and induction of drought resistance. Coated seeds were pre-germinated, grown in hydroponics, and grown in pots under controlled well-watered and progressive water/nutrient stress conditions. Seed coating with thyme oil increased germination rate and enhanced seedling growth development in hydroponics. In the pot experiment, thyme oil increased, when well watered, root and shoot development, chlorophyll, nitrogen balance index (NBI), abscisic acid (ABA), anthocyanins and flavonoids in leaves, decreased nitrogen isotope composition (δ15N) and increased carbon isotope composition (δ13C) of shoots. Increasing water/nutrient stress in control plants induced higher accumulation of ABA and anthocyanins coupled with a transient decrease in chlorophyll and NBI, a decrease in shoot and root development, the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), shoot C content, δ15N, and an increase in δ13C, revealing the avoidance strategy adopted by the cultivar. Thyme oil had the potential to enhance the avoidance strategy by inducing roots elongation, reducing the loss of shoot and roots dry matter and chlorophyll, maintaining balanced NBI, an decreasing anthocyanins, flavonoids, and δ13C via maintaining lower ABA-mediated-stomatal closure. Thyme oil increased shoot N content and δ15N indicating preferential uptake of the 15N enriched NH4+. Coating seeds with thyme oil is suggested as a promising alternative approach to improve plant’s water and nutrient status and to enhance drought resistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: thyme essential oil; coating; drought; wheat; resistance; isotope thyme essential oil; coating; drought; wheat; resistance; isotope
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ben-Jabeur, M.; Vicente, R.; López-Cristoffanini, C.; Alesami, N.; Djébali, N.; Gracia-Romero, A.; Serret, M.D.; López-Carbonell, M.; Araus, J.L.; Hamada, W. A Novel Aspect of Essential Oils: Coating Seeds with Thyme Essential Oil induces Drought Resistance in Wheat. Plants 2019, 8, 371.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop