Next Article in Journal
Flavonoid Profile of the Cotton Plant, Gossypium hirsutum: A Review
Next Article in Special Issue
Chemical Constituents and Antifungal Activity of Ficus hirta Vahl. Fruits
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
The Effect of Harvesting on the Composition of Essential Oils from Five Varieties of Ocimum basilicum L. Cultivated in the Island of Kefalonia, Greece
Open AccessReview

Phytochemicals: Extraction, Isolation, and Identification of Bioactive Compounds from Plant Extracts

Department of Food Science, College of Agriculture, University of Al-Basrah, Basrah 61004, Iraq
Department of Plant, Soil and Agricultural Systems, Plant Biotechnology and Genome Core-Facility, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ulrike Mathesius
Plants 2017, 6(4), 42;
Received: 19 July 2017 / Revised: 17 September 2017 / Accepted: 19 September 2017 / Published: 22 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medicinal Plants and Natural Product Research)
PDF [515 KB, uploaded 22 September 2017]


There are concerns about using synthetic phenolic antioxidants such as butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) as food additives because of the reported negative effects on human health. Thus, a replacement of these synthetics by antioxidant extractions from various foods has been proposed. More than 8000 different phenolic compounds have been characterized; fruits and vegetables are the prime sources of natural antioxidants. In order to extract, measure, and identify bioactive compounds from a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, researchers use multiple techniques and methods. This review includes a brief description of a wide range of different assays. The antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anticancer properties of phenolic natural products from fruits and vegetables are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobial; antioxidants; medicinal plants; BHT antimicrobial; antioxidants; medicinal plants; BHT

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Altemimi, A.; Lakhssassi, N.; Baharlouei, A.; Watson, D.G.; Lightfoot, D.A. Phytochemicals: Extraction, Isolation, and Identification of Bioactive Compounds from Plant Extracts. Plants 2017, 6, 42.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Plants EISSN 2223-7747 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top