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Article

Berries and Leaves of Actinidia kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.: A Source of Phenolic Compounds

1
Botanical Garden, Vytautas Magnus University, Z.E. Zilibero 6, LT-46324 Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Institute of Horticulture, LT-54333 Babtai, Lithuania
3
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-50166 Kaunas, Lithuania
4
Institute of Pharmaceutical Technologies, Faculty of Pharmacy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, LT-50166 Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Simon Vlad Luca, Adriana Trifan and Gokhan Zengin
Plants 2022, 11(2), 147; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11020147
Received: 10 December 2021 / Revised: 30 December 2021 / Accepted: 31 December 2021 / Published: 6 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polyphenols in Plants)
Berries of Actinidia kolomikta (A. kolomikta) are known for high ascorbic acid content, but the diversity of phenolic compounds has been little studied. The present research aimed to investigate phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity in berries and leaves of twelve A. kolomikta cultivars. The UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS technique was used to determine differences among cultivars in the quantitative composition of individual phenolic compounds. Antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH• free radical scavenging and CUPRAC methods. In the present study, 13 phenolic compounds were detected in berries, whereas leaves contained 17 phenolic compounds. Flavonols were the primary class found in both berries and leaves; other identified phenolic compounds were flavan-3-ols, flavones and, phenolic acids; and dihydrochalcone phloridzin was identified in the leaves. The amount and variety of phenolic compounds in berries and leaves and antioxidant activity were found to be cultivar-dependent. The highest total content of phenolic compounds was found in the leaves of the cultivar ‘Aromatnaja’ and in the berries of the cultivar ‘VIR-2’. Results of this study have confirmed that berries and leaves of A. kolomikta could be a valuable raw material for both food and pharmaceutical industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: Actinidia kolomikta; antioxidant activity; berries; cultivar; phenolic compounds; UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS Actinidia kolomikta; antioxidant activity; berries; cultivar; phenolic compounds; UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Česonienė, L.; Štreimikytė, P.; Liaudanskas, M.; Žvikas, V.; Viškelis, P.; Viškelis, J.; Daubaras, R. Berries and Leaves of Actinidia kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.: A Source of Phenolic Compounds. Plants 2022, 11, 147. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11020147

AMA Style

Česonienė L, Štreimikytė P, Liaudanskas M, Žvikas V, Viškelis P, Viškelis J, Daubaras R. Berries and Leaves of Actinidia kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.: A Source of Phenolic Compounds. Plants. 2022; 11(2):147. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11020147

Chicago/Turabian Style

Česonienė, Laima, Paulina Štreimikytė, Mindaugas Liaudanskas, Vaidotas Žvikas, Pranas Viškelis, Jonas Viškelis, and Remigijus Daubaras. 2022. "Berries and Leaves of Actinidia kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.: A Source of Phenolic Compounds" Plants 11, no. 2: 147. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11020147

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